The French Revolution—
Then and Now
A friend of mine requested that I write a parallel between the French Revolution chapter of The Great Controversy as related to similar current events. Here is a link to that chapter for your convenience:
I believe the following document does a pretty good job of presenting the parallels. A reading of this document and the following material will give one proper insight to the real players in the French Revolution
and will provide the who’s, what’s, where’s, when’s and why’s of one of the most heinous debacles in the annals of human history. All the paralles are labelled Modern Manifestation.
The Parallel Between The French Revolution
The End of These Times
The purpose of this document is to, utilizing factual historical events, assist the Faithful in being able to discern each phase (or stage) as the world marches toward the End of These Times.
To achieve this, we will review the French Revolution from its background to its conclusion utilizing the key events of its trajectory. Then, said events will be compared with the post World War II socio-political reality of the world.
The French Revolution
Its Phases and
How History Will Almost Repeat Itself With a Vengeance
The French Revolution (1789–1799) (1) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France, and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent a radical change into forms based on the Enlightenment principles of democracy, citizenship, and inalienable rights. It culminated with the Napoleonic wars, the restoration of the monarchy, and two additional revolutions as modern France took shape.
· A poor economic situation and an unmanageable national debt - caused and exacerbated by the burden of a grossly inequitable system of taxation and by the involvement of the French Crown in the American Revolution against England
· The Roman Catholic Church, the largest landowner in the country, levied a harsh tax on crops which worsened the plight of the poorest who faced a daily struggle with malnutrition;
· The continued conspicuous consumption and massive spending of Louis XVI (and other noblemen) despite the financial burden on the populous.
High unemployment and high bread prices caused more money to
be spent on food and less in other areas of the economy; thus, less employment,
higher bread prices, and so on....
....all of which led to...
· Widespread famine, malnutrition and obvious conspicuous starvation in those worse off during the months immediately before the revolution. (some researchers have attributed this to an El Niño effect.).
Therefore, in addition to serious economic factors, there were grave social and political factors, many of them involving resentments and aspirations brought to the people's attention by the rise of Enlightenment ideals.
P H A S E S
Phase I - The stage is set...
1787 - 1789
The immediate trigger for the revolution was Louis XVI’s inept attempts to solve the government's worsening financial crisis. In February 1787, his finance minister convened an Assembly of Notables, a group of nobles, clergy, bourgeoisie, and bureaucrats selected in order to bypass the parlements. Their failed effort eventually led to the formation of the National Constitutional Assembly.
Modern Manifestation: The United Nations, and eventually NATO, are set up to shore up the apparent non stoppable sliding of the world into a situation worse than World War II. Yet, it does not happen. Smaller and localized wars spring up most everywhere. Summits multiply and, in effect, nothing is truly accomplished.
Phase II - The fuse is lit....
Louis XVI made some unfortunate - if not outright stupid - decisions which gave the impression to the Parisians that the National Constitutional Assembly was going to be suspended. The Bastille was taken by the enraged populace - this emboldened the repressed people country wide and the revolutionary spirit spread
Modern Manifestation: Second and Third world countries around the world, realizing that all that is coming their way is the "hot air" produced in the never ending World Leader Summits, turn to serious violence - whether Haiti, Argentina, Colombia, South East Asia (your choice of country), Middle East (your choice of country) or Africa (your choice of country), etc.
Phase III - The fire burns...
1789 - 1791
Because of the continuing excesses at Versailles, the last one being the trampling on the revolutionary flag as part of the entertainment during one of the never ending Royal soirees, mobs, led by Parisian working women, marched upon Versailles. After escaping certain death at the hands of the enraged populace, King and Queen were brought back to Paris to live there under the watchful eyes of the restless populace.
As the work of the National Constituency Assembly progressed it brought about a massive shifting of powers from the Roman Catholic Church to the state. Under the ancient régime, the Church had been the largest landowner in the country. Legislation enacted in 1790 abolished the Church's authority to levy a tax on crops, canceled special privileges for the clergy, and confiscated Church property.
The Civil Constitution of the Clergy, passed on 12 July 1790 and signed by the King on 26 December 1790, turned the remaining clergy into employees of the State and required that they take an oath of loyalty to the constitution. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy also made the Catholic church an arm of the secular state. The ensuing years saw violent repression of the clergy, including the imprisonment and massacre of priests throughout France.
The Assembly abolished the symbolic paraphernalia of the ancient régime, armorial bearings, liveries, etc., which further alienated the more conservative nobles, and added to the ranks of those emigrating from strife torn France. On 14 July 1790, and for several days following, crowds in the Champ de Mars celebrated the anniversary of the fall of the Bastille; Talleyrand performed a mass; participants swore an oath of "fidelity to the nation, the law, and the king"; and the King and the royal family actively participated.
Eventually the Royal Family tried to escape through Varennes. They were caught and brought back to Paris. The King was suspended and the Royal Family remained under house arrest at the Tuileries.
Modern Manifestation: As the chasm between the rich and the poor widens, the hungry and oppressed see that their only hope is to sustain the fire that the fuse lit in Phase II. Violence and civil disobedience becomes a way of life in many of those countries.
Phase IV - The fire spreads...
1791 - 1792
The Constitution was essentially finished and major political players like Robespierre, Marat and Danton, plus others, were positioning themselves to be controlling powers in the new state. Louis XVI became no more than a figurehead and, as the discord built amongst the key players, the Revolution was being lead to higher levels.
Modern Manifestation: Now violence and civil disobedience has
spread to First World countries and the prospects of a harmonious settlement
seem further away every day.
Phase V - The fire is out of (human) control...
1792 - 1793
The politics of the period inevitably drove
France towards war with Austria and its allies. The King wanted to wage war. He
expected that war would increase his personal popularity. While one
revolutionary faction wanted to export the Revolution throughout Europe, thus
favored the war, another faction wanted to avoid war with other European
nations, preferring to consolidate and expand the Revolution at home.
On the night of 10 August 1792, insurgents, supported by a new revolutionary Paris Commune, stormed the Tuileries. The King and Queen ended up prisoners and a rump session of the Legislative Assembly suspended the monarchy: little more than a third of the deputies were present, almost all of them Jacobins.
What remained of a national government depended on the support of the insurrectionary Commune. The Commune sent gangs into the prisons to arbitrarily try and butcher 1400 victims, and addressed a circular letter to the other cities of France inviting them to follow this example. The Assembly could offer only feeble resistance.
17 January 1793 saw King Louis condemned to death for "conspiracy against the public liberty and the general safety" by a weak majority in the Convention. The 21 January execution led to more wars with other European countries. The much disliked Austrian born Queen, Marie Antoinette, would follow him to the guillotine on 16 October 1793.
Modern Manifestation: Finally - whatever little control existed vaporizes and chaos reigns worldwide.
Phase VI - The First Reign of Terror
The twelve member Committee of Public
Safety came under the control of Maximilien Robespierre, and the Jacobins
unleashed the Reign of Terror (1793-1794) fueled by the fiery writings of
Jean-Paul Marat. The new Constitution and the Rights associated with it were
suspended. At least 18,000 people met their deaths under the guillotine; after
accusations of counter-revolutionary activities. The slightest hint of counter-revolutionary
thoughts or activities (or, as in the case of Jacques Hébert, revolutionary zeal
exceeding that of those in power) could place one under suspicion, and soon
under the blade of the guillotine.
On 13 July, the assassination of Jean-Paul Marat—a Jacobin leader and journalist known for his bloodthirsty rhetoric— resulted in his near beatification by the masses and the logical increase of Jacobin political influence. Georges Danton, the leader of the August 1792 uprising against the King, being perceived as a man who enjoyed luxuries, was removed from the Committee and on 27 July, Robespierre, "the Incorruptible", made his entrance, quickly becoming the most influential member of the Committee as it moved to take radical measures against the Revolution's domestic and foreign enemies.
On 5 September 1793, the Convention, pressured by the people of Paris, institutionalized The Terror: The systematic and lethal repression of perceived enemies within the country. The result was a policy through which the state used violent repression to crush any real or perceived resistance to the government. Under control of the effectively dictatorial Committee of Public Safety, the Convention quickly enacted more legislation.
The Reign of Terror was now in full swing.
Modern Manifestation: As pre planned - the only solution to the Global chaos is to forcibly implement the New World Order (2) and the One Universal Religion (3). Force is justified... "...after all, it is for the good of the people..."
Phase VII - The Second Reign of Terror
1793 - 1794
A second anti-clerical uprising was made possible by the
establishment of the Revolutionary Calendar on 24 October. Against
Robespierre's concepts of Deism and Virtue, Hébert's atheist movement initiated
a religious campaign in order to dechristianize society.
The climax was reached with the celebration of the Goddess "Reason" in Notre Dame Cathedral on 10 November 1793.
Because any dissent was now regarded as counterrevolutionary, extremist enragés such as Hébert and moderate indulgents such as Danton were guillotined in the spring of 1794.
That is, Robespierre's collaborators and associates in launching the French Revolution, Marat, Hébert and Danton have been now dispatched freeing Robespierre's hands.
Robespierre decided that Virtue was necessary for the State and Society to function and that a Godless system would not work.
Since the First Reign of Terror had worked so well in ridding the State from its enemies, now, the Committee of Public Safety would establish a Second Reign of Terror to force the populace to become virtuous. That is, implement unspeakable violence to implement a new god and establish a reign of Virtue.
Modern Manifestation: Now the backlash to the Phase VI godless system takes place - also, just as scheduled. False Piety will reign (4) as....
Phase VIII - The Saviour of France is manifested and quickly meets his end.
On June 7 Robespierre, who had previously
condemned the Cult of Reason, advocated a new state religion and recommended
that the Convention acknowledge the existence of God. On the next day, the
worship of the deistic Supreme Being was inaugurated as an official aspect of
the Revolution. Compared with Hébert's popular festivals, this austere new
religion of Virtue was received with signs of hostility by an amazed Parisian
During this Festival in the middle of Paris, a papier mache mountain had been set up and, as part of the ceremonies, Robespierre came down from the mountain draped in a white toga symbolically delivering an all too obvious message: He was the Pontiff between the Supreme Being and the people or, worse yet, he was the embodiment of the Supreme Being - the Messiah of the French Republic.
That was too much for Robespierre associates in the twelve member Committee of Public Safety.
On 27 July 1794, the reaction to Robespierre auto deification led to the arrest and execution of Robespierre. By now the new government was predominantly made up those who had survived the Terror. After a final "cleansing cycle" called the White Terror things started to cool down and order began to be restored.
Modern Manifestation: ....the stage is set for the world to greet its "Savior" - the False Christ - and he makes his staged Grand Entrance.
Phase IX - On the way to cosmetically altered "Business-as-usual"
1795 - 1799
The Convention approved the new "Constitution of the Year III" on 17 August 1795; a plebiscite ratified it in September; and it took effect on 26 September 1795.
With the establishment of the Directory, the Revolution might seem closed. The nation desired rest and the healing from its many wounds.
Eventually Napoleon took control of the country, became Emperor and it was back to "business as usual" for the rich and powerful, but with much more discretion, and eventually, fraternity and equality, made some inroads in France... and the world.
Modern Manifestation: Not quite... this time it will not be "Business-as-usual" and this False Christ and those who staged his "coming" will be dealt with by the Real Christ in a manner which will make the entire French Revolution look like a Pic-Nic. Blessedly, it will be brief... but it will be Final... for the world has reached The End of These (Abominable) Times - Step No. 17 of the Sequence of Events Leading to the End of These Times. (5)
As the reader will see, the parallel is
almost uncanny - down to the Anti Christ and then the False Savior
details. There are many other historical events which contain some of
those elements because man is very predictable thus satan does not have to be
very creative. Mankind keeps falling for the same snare millennia after
May this document be one more of those "We have been amply warned" (6) documents so that when God reminds us that "...unto whomsoever much is given, of him much shall be required: and to whom they have committed much, of him they will demand the more." [Luke 12:48] there will be no recourse nor complaints will be entertained.
(1) The French Revolution - Details : A starting point
(2) The New World Order
(3) The One Universal Religion
(4) The objective of certain sects within the Roman Catholic Church
(5) The Sequence of Events
(6) We have been amply warned
Published on June 24th, 2007 - Feast of the Birth of John the Baptizer - European Union
by The M+G+R Foundation. All rights reserved.
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