Questions About the 144,000

Part I


“Let us strive with all the power that God has given us to be among the hundred and forty-four thousand.” Review and Herald, March 9, 1905.


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Since we have been admonished to strive with all the power that God has given us to be among the hundred and forty-four thousand, one should have a natural interest to know all that is available on the subject. There is much that we do not know regarding that issue, but there is important data that we should be cognizant of if we are to properly strive to be among that number.


Some of the more pointed questions, some of which can be answered others cannot—are: Is the 144,000 a literal or a symbolic number? Which of the seven churches of Revelation 2 and 3 is indicative of the 144,000? When are the 144,000 sealed, before or after the latter rain? What is the purpose of the 144,000 during the millennium? Are they Zion, the 144,000, the bride of Christ, while the guests are the members of the church? Do they awaken all ten of the virgins during the Loud Cry? Will the 144,000 convert a great multitude to God’s truth? Why will the 144,000 be translated without dying? What are the character attributes that are necessary to become a part of the 144,000? How do they differ from the great numberless multitude? Will only Jews constitute the 144,000? We will explore the answer to these questions in this document.


But first let us pray for the Lord’s guidance and understanding as we study this all important subject: Dear Lord Jesus, God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, hear our prayer as we supplicate the presence and indwelling of your Holy Spirit to quicken our understanding of this important issue and our retention of the knowledge presented. Help us to be receptive to all truth and to put it to practice in our daily lives. Thank you Lord Jesus for your help. Amen.


Bible on the 144,000 Revelation, Chapter 14


 1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads.  2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:  3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.  4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.  5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.


·       They have the Father’s name written in their foreheads.

·       They sing a new song that no man can learn but they which are redeemed from the earth.

·       They follow Jesus wherever He goes. He is the head and they are His body. He is the High Priest in the Temple and as the earthly Temple had lesser priests, they are the lesser.

·       They are not defiled with women (fallen churches) and all formally organized churches are fallen at the end-time Isaiah 4:1-4, seven being God’s perfect number designating all inclusiveness.

·        They are virgins in the strictest sense of the word. In Isaiah 62:1-5, Zion, the bride, is married (Hebrew for virgin is bethulah in Isaiah 62:5). She is separated from defiled women and any who are so defiled. Ecumenical liaison with Babylon is an example of harlotry that would not qualify as being a pure virgin, unspotted from the world and churches that cannot be distinguished from the world. (For the meaning of bethulah see this link:

·       The 144,000 are the firstfruits or barley wave offering to Christ. Barley was the first crop in Israel and was offered as the wave offering. Likewise, the bride of Christ is the first of those who are prepared for His coming. She makes herself ready:

·       Rev 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

·       No guile (deception/duplicity is found in her mouth.

·       She is without fault before the throne of God. She is thus equate-able with Philadelphia who has the name of God, New Jerusalem and is made pillars in His Temple, Revelation 3:10-12. Philadelphia is not faulted for one thing. She is an overcomer.


Is the number of the 144,000 Literal or Symbolic?


Some believe that it is impossible to know whether the number 144,000 is literal or symbolic. That seems strange when one considers that God specified 12,000 from each of the 12 tribes which equals 144,000 in number. Then Ellen White said 144,000 in number:


"The living saints, 144,000, in number, know and understand the voice, while the wicked thought it was thunder an earthquake. When God spake the time, he poured on us the Holy Ghost, and our faces began to light up and shine with the glory of God as Moses did when he came down from Mount Sinai, (Ex. 34:30-34.) By this time the 144,000 were all sealed and perfectly united. On their foreheads was written, God, New Jerusalem, and a glorious Star containing Jesus' new name. At our happy, holy state the wicked were enraged, and would rush violently up to lay hands on us to thrust us in prison, when we would stretch forth the hand in the name of the Lord, and the wicked would fall helpless to the ground." The Day Star, January 24, 1846 par. 1.


Only the 144,000 Enter the Temple on Mt. Zion


"And as we were about to enter the holy temple, Jesus raised His lovely voice and said, 'Only the 144,000 enter this place," and we shouted, 'Alleluia." E. G. White, Early Writings, 19.


God’s Message to Philadelphia (Rev. 3:1-12)


10 Because thou  hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. 11 Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. 12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name. 13 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches. Rev. 3:10-12.


Now compare Revelation 14:1-4 with Rev. 3:10-12 above:


1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads.  2 And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:  3 And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.  4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.  5 And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.


So it is Philadelphia, the New Jerusalem, who is made a pillar in the temple, who is blameless (having kept the word of His patience—the patience of the saints—those who keep His commandments, Rev. 14:12), that constitutes the 144,000. Only the 144,000 enter the Temple on Mt. Zion, and Philadelphia is made pillars (leaders) in that Temple.


When are the 144,000 Sealed, Before or After the Latter Rain?


The 144,000 are sealed with the Holy Spirit on the antitypical Day of Pentecost, just before the Latter Rain, as for preparation for giving the Loud Cry.


We read of the 144,000 in Revelation 7:2-4, 13, 14 and Revelation 14:1-5. “And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads. And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.


“And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes? And whence came they? And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said unto me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.”


(Repeated for contextual/articulation purposes)


“And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the first-fruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.”


Are the 144,000 Different From Any Other Generation?


There are various liberal members of our faith who are declaring that the 144,000 are no different from any other generation of God’s people. They say God does not have two different standards, one for the 144,000 and one for all other generations. They believe this to be absurd! They are adamant that the 144,000 will be different only in that they will be alive when Jesus comes.


Is this really true, or will the 144,000 be in some respect different? And if so, what will make them different? It is true that God does not have a different standard of salvation for the translated living and another for the resurrected, dead saints. Those who die must, at death, be right with God. They must be both justified and sanctified. As individuals they must stop committing known sin, and invite Christ to dwell in their heart by faith, and to give them the needed power to willingly obey their Lord. They will have been washing their robes of character and making them white in the blood of the Lamb.


But what about the original church of Philadelphia circa the days of the disciples? Were they not without fault? Christ faulted them for nothing but being weak. They were not faulted for sinning. So what is the difference between them and the Philadelphians at the end-time? Nothing! What?! I said NOTHING! How so you ask?! They are one and the same people because God said He would keep them through the time of trouble that is to come on the entire earth! Did that time of trouble come upon the first century A.D. Philadelphians? Nay! So God is going to regenerate them all and the Philadelphian overcomers of every generation to be tried and tested at the greatest time of trouble the earth has ever known! Does that make them different from other generations. Yes indeed it does, for never before in history will men have needed the character they will need during the worst time of man’s history and that without a mediator to cover their sins should they fall!


21 For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. 22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.


That means that the great tribulation will be worse than the trial of Christians in the Dark Ages! And did those persons have to remain faithful without an intercessor? No, they did not. These differences certainly demand a superior character at the end-time, for no man will have ever been tested as severely by trials as the final generation will be. This will prove to Satan that even when tested under his greatest perfection of his cunning arts, God’s bride will be able to obey Him and remain fidel to His commandments. And that, my friend, is what the entire experiment—the great controversy between Christ and Satan has been all about—whether or not it is possible to keep God’s commandments. The 144,000 will reach a character maturity that will reveal that they have won the battle over evil. See Great Controversy p. 415 for further detail.


Here is an excerpt from a sermon by Elder Lawrence Nelson on the 144,000 that is informative:


So intense will become their hatred of sin that they would rather die than sin. The difference will not be in the standard of salvation but in the degree of character development to which they will attain. God has given us some Bible examples for this very purpose so that we can clarify and better understand this difference.


Let us begin with the example of Moses. I am going to read from Prophets and Kings p. 174, “Moses, wearied with forty years of wandering and unbelief, lost for a moment his hold on Infinite Power. He failed just on the borders of the Promised Land.”


Now, I like the way Leola Rosenvold expresses the personal lesson we should learn from the experience of Moses, when he sinned by taking the glory from Christ in producing water from the rock. I am quoting from her book, The Remedy p. 98: “Christ uses the life of Moses as an object lesson to help us understand that there will be a difference in the experience between those who die and are resurrected, and those who are translated. Just one sin, which was immediately repented of, kept Moses from being translated, but it did not keep him from being resurrected.


“‘Satan had been trying to find something wherewith to accuse Moses before the angels. He exulted at his success in leading him to displease God, and he told the angels that he could overcome the Saviour of the world when He should come to redeem man. For his transgression, Moses came under the power of Satan – the dominion of death. Had he remained steadfast, the Lord would have brought him to the Promised Land, and would then have translated him to heaven without his seeing death.’ Early Writings p. 164.


“‘Had not the life of Moses been marred with that one sin, in failing to give God the glory of bringing water from the rock at Kadesh, he would have entered the Promised Land, and would have been translated to heaven without seeing death.’ Patriarchs and Prophets p. 478.”


Now we know that in the lifetime of Moses he committed more than one sin. In fact, he even murdered a man; he killed an Egyptian. Though he had confessed and forsaken his sins, God uses this one sin which he knowingly committed on the banks of the Jordan River just before crossing into the Promised Land, to teach or impress us with the fact that the living saints must make an end of sin in their lives before they enter heavenly Canaan.


Now nothing could be more plainly stated. Though God had planned on translating Moses to heaven without seeing death, he was not then ready to be a type of those who would be ready to be translated. He must die. Soon after this Moses did die, but after a few days God resurrected him. He was taken to heaven to become a type of the resurrected saints of God; a type of those repentant ones who will not be required to go through the special end-time circumstances and great tribulations.


Now on the other hand, Enoch was a type of the living saints. Of the 144,000 listen to his record: The Bible says that he walked with God for 300 years before he was translated. Genesis 5:21,22. In the book, Reflecting Christ p. 307 we read, “Enoch was a marked character, and many look upon his life as something far above what the generality of mortals can ever reach. But Enoch’s life and character, which were so holy that he was translated to heaven without seeing death, represent the lives and characters of all who will be translated when Christ comes.”


In Gospel Workers p. 54 we read, “‘By faith, Enoch was translated that he should not see death;…for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.’ To such communion God is calling us. As was Enoch’s so must be their holiness of character who shall be redeemed from among men at the Lord’s second coming.” This is such an important, provoking statement I must repeat that last sentence again. “As was Enoch’s, so must be their holiness of character who shall be redeemed from among men at the Lord’s second coming.”


Elijah was also a type of the 144,000. He was a man of strong faith. He demonstrated this in the happenings of Mount Carmel that are recorded in 1 Kings 18. However, after his lofty experience I read in Prophets and Kings p. 161, “Depression seized him…. While under the inspiration of the Almighty, he had stood the severest trial of faith; but in this trial of discouragement, with Jezebel’s threat sounding in his ears,…he lost his hold on God.”


“Elijah should not have fled from his post of duty.” Prophets and Kings p. 160. The inspired Word says, “Despondency is sinful and unreasonable.” Ibid. p.164. So Elijah sinned for “in a moment of weariness [he] allowed the fear of death to overcome his faith in God.” Ibid. p. 174.


Let’s think this through. What was the difference between the sin of Moses and that of Elijah? While Moses committed sin just before he was to pass over into the Promised Land, not so in the experience of Elijah. As did Moses, he repented immediately but he did not die soon thereafter. He lived on and demonstrated his strong faith in the Lord, which he quickly regained and maintained. God sent him back to Israel to finish bringing about a religious revival and a transformation in the land. When God finally asked him to call Elisha, a farm laborer to replace himself, he spent some time teaching Elisha. He went from place to place with him, and from school to school teaching him how to give the help that each needed.


Therefore Elijah spent a number of years demonstrating that he was a loyal, holy servant of the Lord before he was translated. This is why God could declare, “Elijah was a type of the saints who will be living on the earth at the time of the second advent of Christ and who will be ‘changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump,’ without tasting of death. 1 Corinthians 15:51, 52.” Prophets and Kings p. 227.


Why is it necessary for the living saints who will be translated to be different in respect to their character developments? To have characters so mature that they will never again sin? What will make this maturity an absolute necessity? – First, they will be forced to meet the supreme test – that of a papal image of the beast. Secondly, after probation closes, they must be prepared to live sinlessly without a mediator in the sanctuary in heaven.


Now let us consider the first test – the image of the beast. Some church members may have wondered, why is the Sunday sabbath, brought about by the image of the beast, to be the great test for the people of God by which their eternal destiny will be decided? Wouldn’t we naturally assume that this crisis would be a test for the world, for the unbelievers and the undecided?


The truth is that when God’s people are faced with this great test they will be forced to make an immediate choice between life or death, as it were. Between obedience or disobedience. If their characters were not already developed to the point to where they would rather die than sin, they would undoubtedly choose to sin and thus come under Satan’s black banner. When brought to the test, God’s people will either receive the seal of God or the mark of the papal beast. Thus their eternal destiny will be forever decided.


I want to read to you from Bible Commentaries, Volume 7, p. 976: “The Lord has shown me clearly that the image of the beast will be formed before probation closes; for it is to be the great test for the people of God, by which their eternal destiny will be decided. . . . [Rev. 13:11-17 quoted.] . . . This is the test that the people of God must have before they are sealed. All who proved their loyalty to God by observing His law, and refusing to accept a spurious sabbath, will rank under the banner of the Lord God Jehovah, and will receive the seal of the living God. Those who yield the truth of heavenly origin and accept the Sunday sabbath, will receive the mark of the beast.” Letter 11 , 1890.


Now, concerning the second reason, the close of probation. The saints who are to be translated must live through the final time of trouble, referred to as the time of Jacob’s trouble, without a mediator in the heavenly sanctuary. Probation will have closed for this wicked, old world. Are we aware of just what this means? It means that if a saint were to sin after probation closes there would be no forgiveness available. I don’t believe any of us now living fully realize what it will mean to live on this earth in such a chaotic condition and under such pressure of a death sentence without an intercessor.


In Great Controversy p. 425 are these words, “Those who are living upon the earth when the intercession of Christ shall cease in the sanctuary above are to stand in the sight of a holy God without a mediator. Their robes must be spotless, their character must be purified from sin by the blood of sprinkling. Through the grace of God and their own diligent effort they must conquer in the battle with evil.”


Christ is our only example of a man who lived on earth without an intercessor; and what was the experience of Christ while he was on this earth? – Great Controversy p. 623 says, “Christ declared of Himself, ‘The prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.’ John 14:30. Satan could find nothing in the Son of God that would enable him to gain the victory. He had kept His Father’s commandments, and there was no sin in Him that Satan could use to his advantage. This is the condition in which those must be found who shall stand in the time of trouble.”


Now I trust that this is causing you and me to do some very serious thinking. In order for anyone to live on this earth without a mediator, such a one must attain to the same sinless condition lived my Christ while He was on this earth.


Let’s consider for a moment Christ in Gethsemane. In Desire of Ages p. 686,687 we are told, “Christ was now standing in a different attitude from that in which he had ever stood before….Hitherto He had been an intercessor for others; now He longed to have an intercessor for Himself. As Christ felt His unity with the Father broken up, He feared that in His human nature He would be unable to endure the coming conflict with the power of darkness….With the issues of the conflict before Him Christ’s soul was filled with dread of separation from God. Satan told Him that if He became the surety for a sinful world, that the separation would be eternal. He would be identified with Satan’s kingdom, and would nevermore be one with God.” So likewise, when probation closes, the saints will find themselves in a different position than they have ever been before.


How will they be enabled? – Actually it will be by following Christ’s earthly example. “Christ left his heavenly home, and came to this world, to show that only by being connected with divinity can man keep the law of God. In itself humanity is tainted and corrupted; but Christ brought moral power to man, and those who live in communion with him overcome as he overcame. We are not left in this world as orphans.” Signs of the Times, December 3, 1896. Praise God! I like that!


Unless the saints follow the example of Christ in joining their humanity with divinity they would be among the lost who will be consumed at Christ’s coming. It is absolutely imperative that they have this special preparation for God’s glory destroys all sin and sinners. Sin cannot exist in the visible presence of God for God’s glory is a consuming fire.


The Bible is very clear in stating that the very presence of God will consume all who are found clinging to sin. 2 Thessalonians 2:8 tells us, “And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming.” As Christ nears this earth, his very presence will consume the sinner while consuming their sins.


Therefore it is evident that all sin must be removed from the 144,000 in the days of preparation before they are sealed. That is this time in which we are living. For we are living in the preparation time. Times are tense. There is still opportunity, praise God, for us to prepare. Would to God that the ministers in God’s pulpits today would preach soul-stirring messages filled with divine conviction that would move the listener to sense the enormity of the sin problem, causing them to fall on their knees pleading with God for victory. Believe me, friend, this is no time for “Celebration” with tame messages to satisfy the sinful nature, such as teaching congregations that they can continue sinning until Jesus comes.


Rather than representing so-called “attractive errors” ministers should listen to and heed the council of Joel found in Joel 2:1,16,17, “Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the Lord cometh, for it is nigh at hand; Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet. Let the priests and the ministers of the Lord, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare thy people, O Lord.”


My beloved fellow ministers, this is the weeping time; a time for us to weep between the porch and the altar for all the sins that are being committed in the church. Certainly this is not a time for Celebration, and for entertainment, or for preaching frivolous or smooth sermons to tickle the ear of the flocks. Rather, we ministers should sound such an alarming message that will awaken the members of our churches from their Laodicean slumber to their need to sigh and cry for their own sins, as well as those of their fellow church members.


Ellen White informs us, “The abominations for which the faithful ones were sighing and crying were all that could be discerned by finite eyes, but by far the worst sins, those which provoked the jealousy of the pure and holy God, were unrevealed. The great Searcher of the hearts knoweth every sin committed in secret by the workers of iniquities.” Testimonies for the Church, Volume 5, p. 211.


So God admonishes us to, “Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and show my people their transgressions, and the house of Jacob their sins.” Isaiah 58:1. Ellen White asks, “What are you doing, brethren, in the great work of preparation? Those who are uniting with the world are receiving the worldly mold and preparing for the mark of the beast. Those who are distrustful of self, who are humbling themselves before God and purifying their souls by obeying the truth – these are receiving the heavenly mold and preparing for the seal of God in their foreheads. When the decree goes forth and the stamp is impressed, their character will remain pure and spotless for eternity.” Testimonies for the Church, Volume 5, p. 216. This, dear friends, is God’s last-day preparation message. It is urgent, for time is short.


Before I close I will relate a true story. An Adventist lady, whom I will call Rachel, lived in Oregon. She was studying God’s Word with a very godly woman. Now Rachel had a certain problem, in so far as our health reform message is concerned. Her teacher pointed out to her that the Spirit of Prophecy clearly reveals that no one will be among the living translated saints who was indulging in this certain vice. Now this shook Rachel up and for two weeks she abstained. But then, forgetting her reform, she went back to the old practice with this comment, “I decided that I would go ahead and indulge myself and prepare to be among the resurrected dead rather than striving to be among the living who will be translated.”


What a dangerous reasoning! We are living in the end time, and God calls us to make preparation appropriate for the time in which we live. Surely we do not have the option of making such a choice as did Rachel. Rachel failed to realize that the standard of salvation is exactly the same for the dead as for the living. All known sins must be repented of and put away before death or before translation. If a certain practice is a sin for a living saint, one that would keep him from being translated, after one recognizes its sinfulness if he should continue in this practice would he be eligible to be among the resurrected saints? This would be very questionable.


In this end time we are admonished, “Let us strive with all the power that God has given us to be among the hundred and forty-four thousand.” Review and Herald, March 9, 1905.


In closing I will reaffirm the words of Ezekiel the prophet as he appeals to ministers and laymen alike. To everyone, both the saints who will be among the living, and those who will die in the Lord, Ezekiel’s message from the Lord has the same urgency, as do the messages of Joel and Isaiah. Ezekiel 18:30-32 says, “Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord God. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin. Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel? For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord God: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.”


Let us pray. Oh God, our Father, we tremble as we sense the coming battle just before us. We see ourselves as hopeless without Thy divine help. So Father, awaken us to fully comprehend how we can daily join our humanity with Thine divinity so that we may experience complete victory over sin through Christ our Righteousness. We must have the assurance, as Enoch, that he pleased God. And we ask this in the name of Jesus, Thy dear Son, Amen. End excerpt from Elder Nelson’s sermon on the 144,000.


Will the 144,000 Convert a Great Multitude to God’s Truth?


The Spirit of Prophecy tells us that the 144,000 will convert many of God’s children who are in Babylon, and that they will obey the Loud Cry call to come out of Babylon, Revelation 18, and join the true church of Christ. The 144,000 are described as those who shake the rebels out of God’s Kingdom, Ezekiel 20:34-38. This is the true meaning of sinners shaken out of Zion, by Zion, the bride of Christ, Isaiah 62:1-5. In the prefigure of Christ’s example, from A.D. 27-70, sinners were shaken out of God’s kingdom (Matthew 13) by the disciples of Christ. Sinners were not shaken out of the apostate Jewish Temple to leave it purged and purified. They were shaken out of true Zion, true Jerusalem, who had separated from the apostate Temple. That same scenario is occurring at the end-time.


A Prefigure for What to do at the End-time


In Sermons and Talks, Vol. 1, pp. 4-9, Ellen White reapplies Matthew 22:1-10 to our time.  That means that the two calls of those verses will be repeated and with the same results. That means that the example of Christ and His disciples from A.D. 27 and on is a prefigure (type) for us to follow. Matthew 22:7 is the same event of Ezekiel 9. Ellen White said that Ezekiel 9 will have another literal fulfillment. Any future literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 must follow the literal fulfillment of the last literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9, and the only historic literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 was the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Ellen White called that destruction a prefigure as well. Where was the dross (tares) gathered in that prefigure type? Into the midst’s of apostate Jerusalem, Ezekiel 22:17-31. And so it will be in the next literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 BEGINNING at His Sanctuary, modern-day Jerusalem, the professing Seventh-day Adventist church. See Testimonies, Vol. 5, 211. The chapter begins on p. 207, quoting Ezekiel 9. So we have three prefigure types to follow at the end-time:


·       Matthew 22:1-10.

·       Ezekiel 9.

·       Ezekiel 22:17-31.


Any literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 at the end-time, would have to follow the literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 in its last A.D. 70 fulfillment, which is well described in Chapter 1 of The Great Controversy. Ellen White says on page 25 of that chapter that the words of Christ were twofold: that they foreshadowed the destruction of Jerusalem and prefigured the terrors of the last great day. That destruction prefigured the destruction of the world at the end-time, but it BEGINS AT HIS SANCTUARY, modern-day apostate Jerusalem, Ezekiel 9:6 and 5T 211. SDA’s are trigger ready as to how it applies to the world, but blind to the words that it BEGINS AT HIS SANCTUARY, Jerusalem.


Actually, every chapter of Ezekiel up to and including 22:17-31, includes all the reasons for the destruction of Jerusalem. It is of astounding fact to note that Matthew 22:7 is the same event as Ezekiel 9:6, and that according to God’s Word, it occurs just before the final call to the guests in the highways and byways of the world. The Great Controversy 653-656 mention of Ezekiel 9, is the final application of Ezekiel 9 as applied to Babylon (this is qualified at the bottom of p. 653). First, it BEGINS at His Sanctuary, apostate Jerusalem, the SDA church. Babylonians do the slaughtering right after the death decree is added to violation of the National Sunday Law. This is when there will be many faithful martyrs as well as many who will be judged unfaithful. They will die for the wrong reasons just as the Jews did in the destruction of Jerusalem, A.D. 70.


This is a most startling warning message to most Adventists, but it is true and it is based on something as solid as prefigure type. As much as this truth is hated by most Adventists, it is irrefutable. All who truly know their Bibles and the Spirit of Prophecy will not try to gainsay this truth.


What is the Purpose of the 144,000 and Their Temple Duties During the Millennium


The Lord has shown this writer that the 144,000 will nurture 11th hour converts into the full stature of Christ. Like the thief on the cross, they will not have matured into Christ’s full stature when they are converted here on earth just before Christ’s coming. The 144,000 will be priests unto them during the millennium.


Does the 144,000 Bride Awaken all Ten of the Virgins With the Loud Cry?


Many SDA’s make no distinction between the bride, the 144,000 and the great numberless multitude. Here is another astounding difference that Adventists have failed to notice. The voice of God AND THE VOICE OF THE BRIDE awaken all ten virgins, for Matthew 25 tells us that they all slumbered and slept. The Midnight Cry is the Loud Cry to go out of Babylon. Obviously, the bride is sealed so that she cannot be moved before she makes the Midnight Cry, just as the disciples were sealed before they made their calls to apostate Jerusalem.


“Lingering near the bride's house are ten young women robed in white. Each carries a lighted lamp and a small flagon for oil. All are anxiously watching for the appearance of the bridegroom. But there is a delay. Hour after hour passes; the watchers become weary and fall asleep. At midnight the cry is heard, "Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him." The sleepers, suddenly awaking, spring to their feet. They see the procession moving on, bright with torches and glad with music. They hear the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride. The ten maidens seize their lamps and begin to trim them, in haste to go forth. But five have neglected to fill their flasks with oil. They did not anticipate so long a delay, and they have not prepared for the emergency. In distress they appeal to their wiser companions saying, "Give us of your oil; for our lamps are going out." (Margin.) But the waiting five, with their freshly trimmed lamps, have emptied their flagons. They have no oil to spare, and they answer, "Not so; lest there be not enough for us and you: but go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves." Christ’s Object Lessons, pp. 405-6.


Matthew 25

1 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. 2 And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. 3 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: 4 But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. 5 While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. 6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.


Are the 144,000 Zion, the Bride of Christ, While the Guests are the Members of the Church?


“The marriage represents the reception by Christ of His kingdom. The Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is the capital and representative of the kingdom, is called "the bride, the Lamb's wife." Said the angel to John: "Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's wife." "He carried me away in the spirit," says the prophet, "and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God." Revelation 21:9, 10. Clearly, then, the bride represents the Holy City, and the virgins that go out to meet the bridegroom are a symbol of the church. In the Revelation the people of God are said to be the guests.” The Great Controversy, pp. 426-7.


The bride of Christ is not a city. Jesus does not marry a city. She represents the Holy City, New Jerusalem, during her sojourn here on earth. She is Zion, New Jerusalem, the bride of Christ. All others are “guests” at the wedding. Guests are not the bride and vice versa.


"The people of God, symbolized by a holy woman and her children, were represented as greatly in the minority. In the last days only a remnant still existed. Of these John speaks as they 'which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ." E. G. White, SDA Bible Commentary, Vol. 7, 972.


Why will the 144,000 be Translated Without Dying?


The 144,000 will be translated without dying because they have been faithful and are without blame. They are the firstfruits of the righteousness of Christ. They have received His life (Holy Spirit—the soul of His life) indwelling them so fully, that they cannot die while they remain faithful to God, and that they do. They are also proof that Satan cannot touch the apple of God’s eye, His bride. God promised long ago to keep them through the time of test that is to come on the entire earth, and He keeps His promises. The 144,000 differ from the great multitude in character perfection. The Father does not choose a harlot for his son to marry.


What are the Character Attributes that are Necessary to Become a Part of the 144,000?


Character perfected before Christ comes-- "Christ is waiting with longing desire for the manifestation of Himself in His church., When the character of Christ shall be perfectly reproduced in His people, then He will come to claim them as His own." E.G. White, Christ's Object Lessons, p. 69.


The character of Christ is His law. The law is a transcript of His character. His character is self-sacrificing love that is based on principle and all the principles associated with His law which is entirely necessary to the best welfare of all concerned where two or more persons accrue. When we discern how the law of God protects our every interest, we will exclaim with David of Scripture, Oh how I love thy Law. I meditate upon it day and night.


Very soon, and even now, we are beginning to see the oppressive selfishness of Satan and how he wants to control all the affairs of men. The U.N. is going to make it so that ownership of private property is annulled. All our freedoms including the freedom of speech will be curtailed. In the weeks and months ahead, I pray we all will better appreciate the Holy Law of God, which protects every God given right of every human being. If we live much longer on this earth, we will witness the infringement of the rights we now take so much for granted. Our very Constitutional rights are being dismantled before our very eyes presently.


“There was much business to be done. The work had enlarged. New missions had been opened and new churches organized. All should be in harmony freely to consult together as brethren at work in the great harvest field, all working interestedly in the different branches of the work, and unselfishly considering how the Lord's work could be done to the best advantage. If ever there was a time when, as a conference, we needed the special grace and enlightenment of the Spirit of God, it was at this meeting. There was a power from beneath moving agencies to bring about a change in the Constitution and laws of our nation, which will bind the consciences of all those who keep the Bible Sabbath, plainly specified in the fourth commandment as the seventh day.” {12MR 185.2}


Satan is about to demonstrate to the entire world what a selfish, controlling character he has. You’re not going to like it! You need to hate it so much you would rather die than sin!


Will Only Jews Constitute the 144,000?


The Lord has been please to show me that one of the twelve tribes are Jews and the rest of us constitute the other eleven tribes. The Jews are of Judah. And were this not so friend, Ellen White would not have told us all to strive to be one of the 144,000!


To be continued in Part II