Armageddon and How it All Ends

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Armageddon refers to both, the place where the final battle will be fought between the forces of good and evil (probably so called in reference to the battlefield of Megiddo. Rev. 16:16), and the completely destructive battle. I am going to present in full what Armageddon generally means to mainline Christianity via the following article. I will add notations to the article that present the Adventist view in this color print, with the authors emphases in this color and my emphases in this color in all emphases, meaning I will also emphasize some of the author’s comments in this color.

The Future


Current predictions about the future of the world run from the utopian to the cataclysmic. Is the world headed for a bright or dismal future, or both? Will humanity overcome its legacy of centuries of conflict and short-sighted exploitation and build a unified society of peace and harmony? Or will the earth descend into chaos and become an environmental wasteland?

The prophets of the Bible foretold amazing things about the future. Many of their predictions have already come to pass. For instance, there are over 400 prophecies about Jesus Christ, all written down hundreds of years before His birth, that were fulfilled during His lifetime on earth. The chance of even eight of those prophecies being fulfilled in one man have been calculated at one chance in one hundred million billion.

More importantly for us now, there are hundreds more biblical prophecies about future events and world conditions. Some of these are now being fulfilled in our times, and they presage the fulfillment of yet others in the near future, even in our lifetimes. These future events are of such size and scope, and are so momentous in nature, that you will want to be prepared for them when they happen.

Our future was predicted thousands of years ago. You can know that future.Continue reading…

The following is a short summary of the events and conditions the Bible predicts are to come in chronological order.

Signs of the times

Today, conditions prevail and events are taking place that Jesus said would signal His return and the end of the world as we know it. Jesus, as well as several biblical writers, likened these signs to a woman in labor prior to giving birth. Many of these “birth pains” such as war, famine, earthquakes, and pestilences, have been evident for a long time.

Yet man has in this modern age invented weapons capable of previously unheard of death and destruction. Famine is a reality for millions, and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that 800 million people go hungry each day, and malnutrition in children contributes to over half of child deaths. Pollution, global warming, and the depletion of resources points toward even greater famine and resultant violence in the near future. And the Gospel has been taught in all nations, like never before in the course of history, by radio, television, and Internet.

Ron’s Commentary: An average of 21,000 children die daily:

That is equivalent to:


   1 child dying every 4 seconds

   14 children dying every minute

   A 2011 Libya conflict-scale death toll every day

   A 2010 Haiti earthquake occurring every 10 days

   A 2004 Asian Tsunami occurring every 11 days

   An Iraq-scale death toll every 19–46 days

   Just under 7.6 million children dying every year

   Some 92 million children dying between 2000 and 2010

This evil accrues while elitists of the world amass fortunes to the tune of hundreds of trillions plus! In lieu of using those fortunes to alleviate the death of these poor children by buoying up the economies of third world countries, these Lucifer/Satan worshippers are using their money to control and rule the world. In addition, they imbibe pederasty and offer some of the children of the world on their heathen altars in homage to Lucifer/Satan. They use some kidnapped children for their sexual pleasure and then throw them overboard their yachts. This is how Lucifer/Satan deals with the serious issues of this world which he has been given certain power over in the Great Controversy between he and Christ, in order to prove his values versus those of our loving, benevolent God. If God did not permit this demonstration of Lucifer/Satan’s character, we and the angels would never be convinced of the gravity of evil he is capable of.  End comment.

Daniel, a Jewish prophet who lived 500 years before Jesus, wrote that in the end times travel, knowledge, and education would increase, something that has happened at an exponential rate in recent years and continues to do so. The labor that precedes childbirth doesn’t go on indefinitely, and we believe there is now only a short time before events culminate in the return of Jesus Christ.

As Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately. “Tell us,” they said, “what will be the sign of Your coming and of the end of the age?”

Jesus answered. “You will hear of wars and rumors of wars, but see to it that you are not alarmed. Such things must happen, but the end is still to come. Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. All these are the beginning of birth pains.

“Because of the increase of wickedness, the love of most will grow cold, but he who stands firm to the end will be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.” (Matthew 24:3-8, 12-14 NIV)

“But Daniel, keep this prophecy a secret; seal it up so that it will not be understood until the end times, when travel and education shall be vastly increased!” (Daniel 12:4 TLB)

Ron’s Commentary: Ellen White wrote: “The future was mercifully veiled from the disciples. Had they at that time fully comprehend the two awful facts--the Redeemer's sufferings and death, and the destruction of their city and temple--they would have been overwhelmed with horror. Christ presented before them an outline of the prominent events to take place before the close of time. His words were not then fully understood; but their meaning was to be unfolded as His people should need the instruction therein given. The prophecy which He uttered was twofold in its meaning; while foreshadowing the destruction of Jerusalem, it prefigured also the terrors of the last great day.” The Great Controversy, p. 25.

Ellen White also said that Ezekiel 9 would be literally fulfilled again:

Study Ezekiel 9  "Study the 9th chapter of Ezekiel. These words will be literally fulfilled yet the time is passing, and the people are asleep. They refuse to humble their souls and to be converted. Not a great while longer will the Lord bear with the people who have such great and important truths revealed to them, but who refuse to bring these truths into their individual experience. The time is short. God is calling will YOU hear? Will YOU receive His message? Will YOU be converted before it is too late? Soon, very soon, every case will be decided for eternity. Letter 106, 1909, pp. 2, 3, 5, 7. (To "The churches in Oakland and Berkeley, September 26, 1909.)" E. G. White Manuscript Releases Volume One, p. 260.


“The time will soon come when the prophecy of Ezekiel 9 will be fulfilled; that prophecy should be carefully studied, for it will be fulfilled to the very letter.”— Ellen G. White 1888 Materials, p. 1303.

Any future literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9 must begin at the SDA church, spiritual Jerusalem, Ezekiel 9 and Testimonies, Vol. 5, p. 211. Then it ends with Babylon and the world, The Great Controversy, pp. 653-656.

The first chapter of Great Controversy, depicts what occurred in the first literal fulfillment of Ezekiel 9, which involved the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. The terrible suffering and destruction that occurred during that debacle was just a miniscule foretaste of what is to come in the worst time of trouble ever known to man, to wit:

 Mat 24:21   For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. 

 Mat 24:22   And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened. 

The SDA Bible Commentary errs in saying that Ezekiel 9 was fulfilled under the Nebuchadnezzar sieges of Jerusalem. Those three sieges were meant by God to be CAPTIVITIES, that would lead the captives to repentance and reformation. Proof of this is the fact that the 490 years probation for Israel (Daniel 9) did not end until A.D. 34, and God would not let His people be destroyed before their probation ended. End comment.

The Antichrist

An evil man—called many things by the prophets, but most commonly referred to today as the “Antichrist”—will come to power at the head of a world government. His evil nature will at first not be so evident, and many will regard him as a savior because he will be able to bring solutions to some of the world’s most intractable problems such as a more equitable distribution and consumption of resources; resolution of long-standing hostilities between nations, ideologies, and religions; and reduction of economic instability and exploitation. He will be a man of war and yet gain power by both intrigue and nonbelligerent means. He is, however, in league with Satan, and in the end will become the embodiment of evil.

Ron’s Commentary: The farce involved with the antichrist MAN, is that Lucifer/Satan has been involved with everything that has transpired in this world since his fall. If he was God, as some so regard him, why didn’t he prevent “the world’s most intractable problems such as more equitable distribution and consumption of resources and resolution of long-standing hostilities between nations, ideologies, and religions, and reduction of economic instability and exploitation BEFORE IT OCCURRED?

The reasons I refer to Satan as Lucifer/Satan, is because he has deluded some of his worshippers to regard Lucifer as God, and Satan as an evil being distinct from Lucifer. They are one and the same. End comment.

It is the last hour; and as you have heard that the Antichrist is coming. (1 John 2:18) Let no one deceive you by any means; for that Day will not come unless the falling away comes first, and the man of sin is revealed, the son of perdition, who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, so that he sits as God in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God. The coming of the lawless one is according to the working of Satan, with all power, signs, and lying wonders. (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4,9)

[This] vile person … shall come in peaceably, and seize the kingdom by intrigue. … He shall do what his fathers have not done, nor his forefathers: he shall disperse among them the plunder, spoil, and riches; and he shall devise his plans against the strongholds, but only for a time. (Daniel 11:21,25) When the transgressors have reached their fullness, [this] king shall arise, having fierce features, who understands sinister schemes. His power shall be mighty, but not by his own power; he shall destroy fearfully, and shall prosper and thrive; he shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people. Through his cunning he shall cause deceit to prosper under his rule; and he shall exalt himself in his heart. He shall destroy many in their prosperity. He shall even rise against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without human means. (Daniel 8:23-25) So they worshiped [Satan] who gave authority to the beast [Antichrist]; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?” … And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life. (Revelation 13:4, 7-8)

Ron’s Commentary:

Dan 8:23  And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. 

Dan 8:24   And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people. 

Dan 8:25   And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand. 

Only Divine intervention will put a stop to Lucifer/Satan’s corrupt character and the devastation he will cause. End comment.

The Covenant

The Antichrist will initiate, or at the least be very much involved in, an agreement called in the Bible the “Holy Covenant,” that temporarily brings a measure of peace and security to the world. It will include a solution to the vexing problem of a just Israeli/Palestinian settlement. This agreement will allow the rebuilding of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. The signing of this covenant will signal the start of the last seven years of man’s dominion on Earth.

Approximately three and a half years into the agreement, after surviving what may likely be an assassination attempt, the megalomaniacal Antichrist will break the covenant, declare himself God, and abolish all religious worship except that of himself.

He will confirm a covenant with many for one “seven” [seven years]. In the middle of the “seven” [years] he will put an end to sacrifice and offering [religious rites]. (Daniel 9:27 NIV)

And after the league is made with him [the Antichrist] shall act deceitfully, for he shall come up and become strong with a small number of people. … his heart shall be moved against the holy covenant; so he shall … rage against the holy covenant, and do damage. … Those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery. (Daniel 11:23,28-29,32)

Then I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads. … And I saw one of his heads [the Antichrist] as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast. (Revelation 13:1, 3)

Ron’s Commentary: Here is what the SDA Bible Commentary says concerning the 70 weeks of Daniel 9 and the one week of Daniel 9:27. By SDA reckoning, which I believe to be true, there will not be a seven year time period at the end-time. That seven year time period was from A.D. 27 to A.D. 34.


24. Seventy weeks. This expression seems to be a rather abrupt introduction, but the angel had come for the specific purpose of causing Daniel to understand the vision. He immediately began to explain.

The word here translated “week,” shabua, describes a period of seven consecutive days (see Gen. 29:27; Deut. 16:9; Dan. 10:2). In the pseudepigraphical Book of Jubilees, as well as in the Mishnah, shabua is used to denote a period of seven years. Here, evidently, weeks of years are intended rather than weeks of days, for in ch. 10:2, 3 when Daniel wishes to specify that the “weeks” there referred to are seven-day weeks he explicitly says, “weeks of days” (Heb.; KJV, “full weeks”). Seventy weeks of years would be 490 literal years, without (here) applying the day-year principle (see on Dan. 7:25).

Are determined. Heb. chathak, a word occurring only here in the Bible. It occurs in post-Biblical Hebrew with the meaning “to cut,” “to cut off,” “to determine,” “to decree.” The LXX has krinō, “to decide,” “to judge,” etc. Theodotion’s version has suntemnō, “to shorten,” “to abbreviate,” etc., which meaning is reflected in the Vulgate reading abbreviare. The exact shade of meaning here intended must be determined from the context. In view of the fact that ch. 9 is an exposition of the unexplained portion of the vision of ch. 8 (see on ch. 9:3, 21–23), and inasmuch as the unexplained portion had to do with the 2300 days, it is logical to conclude that the 70 weeks, or 490 years, were to be “cut off” from that longer period. Furthermore, in the absence of contrary evidence, it may be assumed that the 70 weeks would be cut off from the beginning of that period. Viewed in the light of these observations, the translation of chathak as “to cut” seems singularly appropriate. In so far as the 490 years were especially assigned to the Jews with respect to their role as God’s chosen people, the translations “determine” and “decree” are also appropriate to the context.

Thy people. The 490 years applied especially to the Jewish nation.

To finish. Heb. lekalle from the root kela, “to restrain.” The passage may have reference to the restraining power that God would exercise upon the forces of evil during the period allotted to the Jews. However, some 40 Hebrew manuscripts read lekalleh, a form clearly from kalah, “to bring a completion.” If kalah is the root, then the passage evidently refers to the fact that within this period the Jews would fill the cup of their iniquity. God had suffered long with the Israelites. He had given them many opportunities, but they continually disappointed Him (see pp. 32, 33).

To make an end of sins. This phrase may be parallel in meaning to the one preceding it, “to finish the transgression.” Some expositors note that the word here translated “sins” (Heb. chaṭṭa’oth, orchaṭṭa’th, according to some manuscripts and the Masoretes) may mean either “sins” or “sin offerings.” Of the 290 occurrences in the OT chaṭṭa’th has the meaning “sin” 155 times, and “sin offering” 135 times. If “sin offerings” is the intended meaning, the following interpretation is suggested: When Christ on Calvary became the antitype of the sacrificial offerings of the sanctuary, it was no longer necessary for the sinner to bring his sin offering (see John 1:29). However, the plural form chaṭṭa’oth almost invariably describes sins and only once, unless this be an exception also, denotes sin offerings (Neh. 10:33).

To make reconciliation. Heb. kaphar, generally translated “to make atonement” (see Ex. 30:10; Lev. 4:20; etc.). By His vicarious sacrifice on Calvary Christ provided reconciliation for all who accept His sacrifice.

Everlasting righteousness. Christ did not come to earth simply to provide for the blotting out of sin. He came to reconcile man to God. He came so that it might be possible to impute and to impart His righteousness to the penitent sinner. When men accept Him, He bestows on them the robe of His righteousness, and they stand in God’s presence as though they had never sinned (see SC 62). God loves repentant, believing souls as He loves His only Son, and for Christ’s sake accepts them into His family. By His life, death, and resurrection, Christ has made everlasting righteousness available to every child of Adam who, in simple faith, is willing to accept it.

To seal up. Here evidently not in the sense of “shutting up,” but of “confirming,” or “ratifying.” The fulfillment of the predictions connected with the first coming of the Messiah at the time specified in the prophecy gives assurance that the other features of the prophecy, notably the 2300 prophetic days, will be as precisely fulfilled.

The most Holy. Heb. qodesh qodashim, “something most holy,” or, “someone most holy.” The Hebrew phrase is applied to the altar (Ex. 29:37; 40:10), other vessels and furniture pertaining to the tabernacle (Ex. 30:29), the holy perfume (Ex. 30:36), specified meat offerings (Lev. 2:3, 10; 6:17; 10:12), trespass offerings (Lev. 7:1, 6), the shewbread (Lev. 24:5–9), devoted things (Lev. 27:28), the holy district (Num. 18:10; Eze. 43:12), and the most holy place of the sanctuary (Ex. 26:33, 34). The phrase is nowhere applied to persons, unless, as some suggest, it is so applied in the text under consideration and in 1 Chron. 23:13. The latter text may be translated, “Aaron was separated to anoint him a most holy one,” although it may also be rendered as in the KJV. Jewish expositors and many Christian commentators have held that the Messiah is referred to.

In view of the fact that the Hebrew phrase cannot elsewhere be shown to refer definitely to a person, and in view of the fact that the heavenly sanctuary is under discussion in the larger aspects of the vision (see on Dan. 8:14), it is reasonable to conclude that Daniel is here speaking of the anointing of the heavenly sanctuary prior to the time of Christ’s inauguration as high priest.

25. Going forth of the commandment. At the time this vision was given, Jerusalem and the Temple were still in ruins. Heaven announces that a command will be issued to rebuild and restore, and that from that date a definite number of years will reach to the long-looked-for Messiah.

Three decrees dealing with the repatriation of the Jews are recorded in the book of Ezra: the first in the first year of Cyrus, about 537 (Ezra 1:1–4); the second in the reign of Darius I, soon after 520 (Ezra 6:1–12); the third in the 7th year of Artaxerxes, 458/457 b.c. (Ezra 7:1–26). See further Vol. III, pp. 97–104.

In their decrees neither Cyrus nor Darius made any genuine provision for the restoration of the civil state as a complete unit, though a restoration of both the religious and the civil government was promised in the prophecy of Daniel. The decree of the 7th year of Artaxerxes was the first to give the Jewish state full autonomy, subject to Persian overlordship.

One of the double-dated papyri found at Elephantine, Egypt, a Jewish colony (see Vol. III, pp. 103–107), was written in Artaxerxes’ accession year in January, 464 b.c. From this, the only known document of that year, compared with other ancient records, it can be deduced that by Jewish reckoning his “beginning of reign,” or “accession year” (see Vol. II, pp. 138, 139), began after the Jewish New Year of 465 b.c. and ended at the next New Year in the fall of 464. Hence his “first year” (his first full calendar year) would be from the fall of 464 to the fall of 463. The 7th year of Artaxerxes would then extend from the fall of 458 to the fall of 457. The specifications of the decree were not carried out until after Ezra returned from Babylon, which was the late summer or early fall of 457 b.c. For a discussion of Ezra 7 and the historical accuracy of the date 457 b.c. as the 7th year of Artaxerxes, see Vol. III, pp. 100–104. For a full discussion of the subject see S. H. Horn and L. H. Wood, The Chronology of Ezra 7 (rev. ed. 1970).

Messiah. Heb. mashiach, from the verb mashach, “to anoint.” Hence, mashiach describes an “anointed one” such as the high priest (Lev. 4:3, 5, 16), Israel’s kings (1 Sam. 24:6, 10; 2 Sam. 19:21), Cyrus (Isa. 45:1), etc. Theodotion’s Greek version translates mashiach literally, christos, a word that comes from the verb chriō, “to anoint,” and hence means simply “an anointed one.” The title “Christ” is a transliteration of Christos. In later Jewish history the term mashiach was applied to the expected Deliverer who was to come (see John 1:41; 4:25, 26).

Daniel predicted that the long-looked-for Prince Messiah would appear at a specified time. To this time Jesus referred when He declared, “The time is fulfilled” (Mark 1:15; DA 233). Jesus was anointed at the time of His baptism in the autumn of a.d. 27 (see Luke 3:21, 22; Acts 10:38; cf. Luke 4:18).

Prince. See on ch. 11:22.

Seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks. The natural method of calculating these weeks is to consider them consecutive, that is, the 62 weeks begin where the 7 weeks end. These divisions are components of the 70 weeks mentioned in v. 24 thus: 7+62+1=70. For the one week see on v. 27.

Beginning with the autumn of 457 b.c., when the decree went into effect, 69 prophetic weeks, or 483 years, reach to the baptism of Jesus in 27 a.d. It is to be noted that if the 483 years had been reckoned from the beginning of 457 b.c., they would have extended to the close of a.d. 26, for 483 years requires 457 full years b.c. plus 26 full years a.d. Since the period began many months after the beginning of 457, it would end as many months after the end of a.d. 26, that is, in 27. This is due to the fact that historians (unlike astronomers) never count a year zero (see Vol. I, p. 178). Some have been puzzled as to how Christ could begin His work in a.d. 27 when the record says that He was about 30 years of age when He started His public ministry (Luke 3:23). This is due to the fact that when the Christian Era was first computed, an error of about four years occurred. That Christ was not born in a.d. 1, is evident from the fact that when He was born Herod the Great was still alive, and Herod died in 4 b.c. (see Matt. 2:13–20).

A number of modern expositors place an entirely different interpretation upon these time periods. The “messiah” is variously identified as Cyrus, Zerubbabel, or the high priest Joshua (see Ezra 3:2; 3:1, 3; 6:11–13). The “commandment to restore and to build” is regarded by some as that given through Jeremiah that Jerusalem should be rebuilt (see Jer. 29:10). These expositors believe that this “commandment” became effective in 586 b.c., the year of the destruction of Jerusalem, and that the “seven weeks,” or 49 years, reach roughly to the decree of Cyrus. Further, these expositors hold that the 62 weeks, or 434 years, were intended to reach to the Maccabean era. By the covenant of the 70th week they understand Antiochus’ consorting with the renegade Jews. They translate “midst of the week” (Dan. 9:27) as “half a week” (see on ch. 9:27) and apply the “half a week” to Antiochus’ sacrilege of the Temple from 168 to 165 b.c. (see 1 Macc. 1:54; 4:52, 53). Translators of this school of interpretation follow an alternate punctuation in Dan. 9:25to suit this idea (see RSV; RV; ASV, margin).

As shown above, only a distortion of the chronological figures enables these expositors to arrive at the events they assume fulfill the prophetic requirements. When these figures are applied to Christ, His ministry and death, and the gospel to the Jews, perfect synchronism is achieved. See further on ch. 8:25.

Street. Heb. rechob, “a broad place.”

Shall be built. Some interpreters attach special import to the period of “seven weeks,” or 49 years, as representing the time during which the building of the street and wall would be completed. However, historical information for this period is extremely meager. Little is known of the condition of Jerusalem in the time from Artaxerxes to Alexander. What may be gleaned from the Bible and from historical sources is fragmentary.

Wall. Heb. charuṣ, used in the present sense only here in the OT. In Mishnaic Hebrew it means “a trench.” In the Akkadian the word means “a city-moat.” “Wall” is the reading of Theodotion’s Greek version and of the Vulgate.

Troublous times. For a summary history of this period see Vol. 3, pp. 73–79.

26. After threescore and two weeks. The cutting off of the Messiah would take place, not within this period, but after its completion. This expression is not intended to fix the exact time when the calamitous event of the death of the Messiah would take place. That is done in v. 27, where the event is placed “in the midst of the week.”

Cut off. According to this prophetic statement, Messiah would not appear as the Jews expected, a glorious conqueror and emancipator. Instead, He would meet a violent death; He would be “cut off.” On the term “cut off” meaning death,see Gen. 9:11.

But not for himself. Literally, “and nothing to him.” The meaning of this phrase is not clear. Many possible meanings have been suggested, such as “and shall have nothing,” “he shall not be,” “and there was no helper to him.”

And the people. The marginal reading, “and they [the Jews] shall be no more his people,” found in some Bibles, is unsupported by the Hebrew.

The city and the sanctuary. An obliteration of the Temple and the city of Jerusalem, is here foretold. This was fulfilled by the Romans in a.d. 70. The Roman soldiers took blazing firebrands and deliberately set them in the interior woodwork of the Temple structure, with the result that it was soon utterly demolished. For “the people of the prince that shall come” the LXX reads “the king of nations.”

With a flood. That is, in the sense of being overwhelming (see Isa. 8:7, 8).

Desolations are determined. The passage may literally be rendered, “unto the end [shall be] war, a determination of ruins.”

27. He shall confirm the covenant. The “he” here spoken of is the Messiah of the preceding verses. Interpreting the verse thus makes the entire 70 weeks, or 490 years, of prophecy a consistent, continuous unit. The statements made meet a unique fulfillment in the time of the Messiah. The confirming of the covenant may be considered to be the continuation of the Jewish nation as the chosen people of God through the period named. On the other hand the “confirming” may be that of the everlasting covenant (see on ch. 11:28).

For one week. This week, the 70th, began in a.d. 27 with the opening of Christ’s public ministry at the time of His baptism. It extended beyond the crucifixion “in the midst of the week,” in the spring of a.d. 31, to the rejection of the Jews as the covenant people in the autumn of a.d. 34 (490 years after 457 b.c. is a.d. 34; see on v. 25 for the method of computation). The “vineyard” was then “let out … unto other husbandmen” (Matt. 21:41; cf. Isa. 5:1–7; GC 328, 410). For about 31/2 years the authorities in Jerusalem tolerated the preaching of the apostles, but their spite was finally translated into decisive action in the stoning of Stephen, the first Christian martyr, and the general persecution that then broke upon the church. Until this time the apostles and other Christian workers appear to have confined their efforts largely to the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem (see Acts 1:8; 8:1).

Inasmuch as the 70 weeks, or 490 years, are part of the longer period of 2300 years, and inasmuch as the first 490 years of the period extend to the autumn of a.d. 34, it is possible to calculate the ending date of the 2300 years. Adding the remaining 1810 years of the 2300 years to a.d. 34 brings us to the autumn of 1844 as the time when the heavenly sanctuary would be “cleansed” (see on ch. 8:14).

It is to be noted, also, that the fulfillment of the predictions of the prophecy concerning the 70 weeks was to “seal up the vision” (v. 24), that is, the vision of the longer period of 2300 days (see on v. 21). The accurate fulfillment of events foretold for the 70th week, having to do with the ministry and crucifixion of our Lord, provides incontestable evidence of the certainty of events at the close of the 2300 days.

In the midst. Heb. chaṣi, a word meaning either “half” (Ex. 24:6; 25:10, 17; etc.) or “middle” (Ex. 27:5; 38:4; etc.), the particular meaning to be assigned in any instance being determined by the context. A number of the more recent versions read “half.” This translation is based on the assumption that the context is speaking of Antiochus Epiphanes, who, for a period of about three years, suspended the services of the Temple at Jerusalem. But Antiochus does not fit into the prophetic chronology. He cannot be the subject of the present prediction. As has already been shown, the prophetic periods reach to the time of the Messiah, and the fulfillment must be found in His day.

The midst of the week would be the Passover season of a.d. 31, 31/2 years after Christ’s baptism in the autumn of a.d. 27. For evidence as to the length of Christ’s public ministry, see on Matt. 4:12. For a discussion of “half” and “midst” see Problems in Bible Translation, pp. 184–187.

To cease. The sacrifices met their anti-typical fulfillment in the voluntary sacrifice of Christ. The rending of the Temple veil by an unseen hand at the instant of Christ’s death was heaven’s announcement that the sacrifices and oblations had lost their significance.

Overspreading. Literally, “wing.” Here the desolater is poetically pictured as being carried along upon the wing of abominations. This has reference in part at least to the horrors and atrocities that were perpetrated upon the Jewish nation by the Romans in a.d. 70.

The consummation. That is, the end of that which was to come upon the Jewish nation. Sad was the fate of those who rejected their hope of salvation.

Desolate. Better, “desolater.” The desolater himself would eventually be destroyed (see on Matt. 23:38).



1 PK 556

2 PK 554

3–9 PK 555

4–6 SL 46

5 SL 48

5–7 5T 636

15 GC 470

16 PK 555

16, 17 SL 48

17–19 PK 556

18 GC 470

18, 19 SL 47

19 4T 534

20 GC 470

21 SL 48

22, 23 GC 325

23 FE 87; PK 555; 5T 635

24 7T 149

24, 25 DA 233; PK 698

24–27 GC 323, 326, 351

25 DA 31, 98, 579; GC 313, 327, 345, 347; PK 556

27 DA 233; GC 327; PK 699


End comments.

The Image of the Beast

When the Antichrist breaks the covenant, the mysterious Abomination of Desolation is erected in the precincts of the Jewish Temple. The prophet Daniel wrote of it a number of times, and Jesus confirmed that when it is put in its place it will signal the beginning of the 1260-day period known as the Great Tribulation. Daniel refers several times to this Abomination’s capacity to bring desolation. In the book of Revelation it is called the Image of the Beast, and it has power to cause those that do not worship it to be killed.

It could be some sort of cybernetic representation of the Antichrist endowed with artificial intelligence allowing it to speak and issue orders. The Antichrist’s government demands its worship! However, those who willingly comply are condemned to the same fate awaiting the diabolical Antichrist.

And forces shall be mustered by [the Antichrist], and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress; then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation. (Daniel 11:31)

Therefore when you see the “abomination of desolation,” spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place … then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be. (Matthew 24:15,21)

[The Antichrist’s False Prophet] deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed. (Revelation 13:14-16)

[An angel said] with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.” (Revelation 14:9-10)

See also Daniel 9:27.

Ron’s Commentary: The word sacrifices in “taking away the daily sacrifices,” is supplied. It is not in the original text. That is not my personal opinion. All words in the Bible that are italicized are supplied. The taking away of the daily refers to an act that removes the sovereignty of God and His law, more specifically His law and the Sabbath commandment. By rebuilding the Temple and sitting in that Temple as the sovereign god, removes the continuum sovereignty of the true God Almighty. End comment.

The Great Tribulation

After the covenant is broken, the next three and a half years will see the world plunge into unprecedented social chaos. This period of time is known in the Bible as the “Great Tribulation.” The Antichrist becomes fully possessed by Satan, and his government will persecute those who refuse to worship him.

Ron’s Commentary: The three and one half years refers to the 42 month rule of the antichrist after the covenant of God is broken by legislation of a National Sunday Law. This 42 month (3 ½ year) timeframe occurs AFTER the wound is healed (IN CONTEXT) of Revelation 13:1-5. Months in the Bible are reckoned as 30 days. End comment.

An electronic monetary system will be put in place, and everyone wishing to “buy and sell” will be required to receive the “mark of the Beast.” This will be a personalized account number somehow embedded, probably in the form of an electronic chip, in people’s right hands or foreheads. This account number is enigmatically linked to the number 666. God’s Word warns people not to receive this mark.

Ron’s Commentary: This embedded electronic chip will not OF ITSELF constitute the Mark. When it is associated with distinguishing Sunday as the day of worship and/or worship of the antichrist, THEN it becomes the Mark of the Beast. These events may be concurrent or Lucifer/Satan may design matters so that the people will be required to take the chip first without any such associations, which will make it more tempting for them to use the chip to buy and sell after it is associated with Sunday sacredness and worship of the antichrist beast power. Lucifer/Satan is cunning! End comment.

Meanwhile, God helps those Christians and others who resist the Antichrist, and in their defense unleashes horrific pestilences and plagues on the Antichrist and his followers. We are also told how two of God’s Endtime prophets will perform miracles and publicly defy the Antichrist. These two are probably not alone in having these powers available to them, as other believers could have comparable abilities.

Ron’s Commentary: Actually, the judgments, pestilences and plagues will be blamed on Christians and all who resist the antichrist. Ellen White says that miracles will not be safe evidence or proof of truth because Satan and his agents will be able to produce miracles as well. God’s saints will not be of the mind to publicly defy the antichrist. End comment.

For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened. (Matthew 24:21-23 NIV)

He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads, and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man: His number is 666. (Revelation 13:16-18)

The woman [symbolizing the believers in Jesus] was given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. … And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. (Revelation 12:14,17) But the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits. (Daniel 11:32)

Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. And they were not given authority to kill them, but to torment them for five months. And their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. In those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will desire to die, and death will flee from them. (Revelation 9:3-6)

[An angel] will give power to two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth. … And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire. (Revelation 11:3, 5-6)

Ron’s Commentary:

Rev 11:1  And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. 

Only the 144,000 enter the Temple of God, which they have entered by faith--Early Writings, pp. 251, 255.

Rev 11:2   But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. 

Those who are not spiritual Jerusalem are regarded as Gentiles, and they tread under foot the holy people of God for forty-two months or 3 ½ years.

Rev 11:3   And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. 

Rev 11:4   These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. 

Rev 11:5   And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

Rev 11:6   These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will. 

Rev 11:7   And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. 

Rev 11:8   And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. 

Rev 11:9   And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. 

Rev 11:10   And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. 

Rev 11:11   And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. 

Rev 11:12   And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. 

Rev 11:13   And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. 

Rev 11:14   The second woe is past; [and], behold, the third woe cometh quickly. 

Rev 11:15   And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. 

Rev 11:16   And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, 

Rev 11:17   Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. 

Rev 11:18   And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. 

Rev 11:19  And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail. 

Here is the SDA Commentary on Daniel 11:3-19, along with Ellen White’s references to this chapter. The 42 months of Revelation 11:2 was 1260 years (day for a year) in the historic fulfillment. In the end-time fulfillment, this is the same 3 ½ years the antichrist reigns in Revelation 13:1-5, AFTER the wound is healed IN CONTEXT.

Some will protest that there is “TIME NO LONGER since 1844,” but that is not what Ellen White meant by those words. She meant day for a year prophetic time. Proof of this is the time periods of Daniel 12 which have never had their fulfillment! This is an irrefutable fact! Daniel 12 is end-time in context and has NEVER HERETOFORE been fulfilled.

Vance Ferrell made the quip that all time is PROPHETIC TIME or day for a year time and that is foolish error. The times enumerated in Daniel 12 were NEVERN DAY FOR A  YEAR TIMES and they refer ONLY to the end-time, as does the 42 months of Revelation 13:1-5 which occur AFTER the healing of the wound IN CONTEXT.

3. I will give power. The passage reads literally, “I will give unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy,” that is, I will cause my two witnesses to prophesy.

My two witnesses. A variety of interpretations of this symbol have been proposed. The allusions of vs. 5, 6 have led some to identify these witnesses as Elijah and Moses (see on vs. 5, 6), but the significance of these “two witnesses” goes beyond this. In v. 4 they are identified as “two olive trees” and “two candlesticks,” symbols drawn from Zech. 4:1–6, 11–14. There they are said to represent “the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth” (v. 14). As the olive branches are portrayed furnishing oil for the lamps of the sanctuary (v. 12), so from these holy ones before the throne of God the Holy Spirit is imparted to men (see on Zech. 4:6, 14; see COL 408; cf. TM 338). Inasmuch as the fullest expression of the Holy Spirit to men is contained in the Scriptures of the OT and the NT, they may be considered to be the two witnesses (see GC 267; cf. on John 5:39). Concerning the Word of God the psalmist declares, “Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path”; “the entrance of thy words giveth light” (Ps. 119:105, 130; cf. Prov. 6:23).

They shall prophesy. In spite of the dominance of evil during the period of 1260 days (see on v. 2), the Spirit of God, especially as manifested in the Scriptures, would nevertheless bear His witness to those men who would receive Him.

A thousand two hundred and threescore days. A period identical with the “forty and two months” of v. 2 (see comment there).

Clothed in sackcloth. Wearing sackcloth was a common sign of mourning (2 Sam. 3:31) and of penitence (Jonah 3:6, 8). Thus the Scriptures might be described as being in mourning at a time when human traditions are in the ascendancy (see on Dan. 7:25).

4. The two olive trees. See on v. 3.

The two candlesticks. Or “the two lampstands” (see on ch. 1:12). See on ch. 11:3.

Standing before … God. See on Zech. 4:14; Rev 11:3.

5. Will hurt. That is, wishes to hurt, or is minded to hurt.

Fire proceedeth. This is reminiscent of Elijah’s judgment on the messengers of Ahaziah (2 Kings 1:10, 12). Ultimately, those who persist in resisting the witness of the Holy Spirit will be destroyed in the lake of fire (see Rev. 20:15).

Mouth. The singular form is doubtless used collectively for “mouths.” Such a usage is common in Greek, as, for example, with “heart” (Matt. 15:8; Mark 6:52), “face” (Matt. 15:8; Mark 6:52), “face” (Matt. 17:6; Acts 7:45).

6. Power. Gr. exousia, “authority.” Exousia occurs twice in this verse and in both instances is translated “power.”

Shut heaven. As in v. 5, this appears also to be an allusion to Elijah, who predicted that there would be no rain in Israel for “these years, but according to my word” (1 Kings 17:1), or, as Luke gives it, “three years and six months” (Luke 4:25; cf. James 5:17).

Waters … to blood. The allusions thus far regarding these witnesses are reminiscing of Elijah (see the foregoing and on v. 5); this one appears to point to Moses and the first plague upon Egypt (Ex. 7:19–21).

All plagues. Not only do the witnesses have the power to call down on their enemies the same plague as that which fell first on Egypt, but they have authority to call down any of the plagues.

7. When they shall have finished. That is, at the end of the 1260 days (see Rev. 11:3; see on Dan. 7:25).

The beast. Gr. to thērion, “the wild beast.” Thus far John has mentioned no “beast” (thērion; the “four beasts” of ch. 4:6 are not really beasts; see comment there). Yet the expression “the beast” seems to imply that the reader will understand which beast this is. Two interpretations of this symbol have been set forth.

Commentators who hold that the expression “the beast” implies some previous identification, since such identification is not to be found in the Revelation, find it in the book of Daniel, where the beast par excellence is the fourth beast of Dan. 7. Furthermore, they point out that that beast came up out of the sea, and the present beast “ascendeth out of the bottomless pit [abussos],” which in the OT has a definite association with the sea (see on Rev. 9:1). According to this view the power symbolized by the fourth beast of Daniel, and particularly its latter phase, would be the power that kills the two witnesses.

Other commentators identify this beast as a power that would seek to destroy the Scriptures (symbolized by the two witnesses) at the close of the 1260-day period, in a.d. 1798 (see on Dan. 7:25). Inasmuch as atheism was particularly popular in France at this time, and the anti-religious spirit of the day naturally militated against the use of and belief in Scripture, the First French Republic has been identified as the beast of the present passage. Seventh-day Adventists have generally held the latter view.

The bottomless pit. Gr. abussos (see on ch. 9:1; cf. the foregoing on “the beast”). With respect to France, the fact that the beast comes out of the bottomless pit has been understood as indicating that the nation had no foundations—it was an atheistical power. A new form of satanic power manifested itself (see GC 269).

Shall … kill them. That is, attempt to destroy the Word of God. For the manner in which France made war on religion see on v. 9.

8. Bodies. Textual evidence is divided ( cf. p. 10) between this and the reading “body.” However, the singular form would be used collectively as is the term “mouth” in v. 5 (see comment there).

Shall lie. To leave a dead body unburied has ever been considered a revolting indignity (cf. Ps. 79:2, 3). See on Rev. 11:9.

The great city. The fact that this city is said to be the one “where also our Lord was crucified” would seem to identify it as Jerusalem, the “holy city” of v. 2. However, many commentators have understood the expression “where also our Lord was crucified” figuratively, as the names Sodom and Egypt are doubtless to be understood. Hence they identify “the great city” as France, which, toward the close of the 1260-year period, manifested the characteristics symbolized by these expressions. Generally speaking, Seventh-day Adventists hold this latter view.

Spiritually. Gr. pneumatikōs, that is, not literally, but by a spiritual figure of speech (cf. Isa. 1:10).

Sodom. Sodom is symbolic of moral degradation (Eze. 16:46–55). Such was the condition of France during the Revolution.

Egypt. This country was known for its denial of the existence of the true God and for its defiance of the commands of God. Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord, that I should obey his voice …? I know not the Lord” (Ex. 5:2). These attitudes were characteristic of the leaders of the Revolution in France.

Crucified. That is, in the person of His followers, many of whom perished in the persecutions in France.

9. People and kindreds. Other nations. These would observe the war on the Bible in France.

Three days and an half. In harmony with the principle of prophetic interpretation, that a day stands for a year, “three days and an half” would be equivalent to three years and a half. Seventh-day Adventists, who generally understand the beast of v. 7 to represent the First French Republic (1792 to 1804), especially in terms of its antireligious bias, find this prophecy fulfilled during that brief period in French revolutionary history when atheism was at its height. This period may be reckoned from November 10, 1793, when a decree, issued in Paris, abolished religion, to June 17, 1797, when, it is held, the French government removed restrictions against the practice of religion.

As is true of certain other portions of the Apocalypse, this matter of “three days and an half” has been the occasion for considerable difference of viewpoint on the part of commentators. This is true not only because of certain problems in the symbolism itself but also because of the difficulty in fixing upon certain precise dates in the history of the hectic period of the French Revolution. Fortunately, however, the exact location of this time period is not vital to an over-all understanding of the great prophetic time periods of the Bible or to an understanding of the main theme of the prophecy of which it is a part.

10. Dwell upon the earth. See on ch. 3:10.

Make merry. Gr. euphrainō, “to rejoice,” “to make merry.” Euphrainō is translated “be merry” in Luke 12:19. Now relieved from the torment, that is, the convicting testimony, of the two witnesses, the wicked quiet their consciences by losing themselves in merriment.

Send gifts. A sign of rejoicing see Esther 9:22).

Tormented. By the convicting power of their prophecy (see v. 3). There are few greater tortures than that of a guilty conscience. When truth and righteousness are constantly presented before the willful sinner, they often become intolerable to him.

11. After three days and an half. That is, at the end of the period during which the witnesses’ bodies lie unburied and exposed to public view (see on v. 9).

Spirit of life. That is, a spirit that is life. The Greek phrase here employed is used in the LXX to translate the Heb. ruach chayyim, “breath of life” (Gen. 6:17; Gen. 7:15). The Hebrews virtually equated breath with life. Consequently, to say that the breath of life entered into a man was to say that he received life (see Gen. 2:7).

From God. God, the Giver of all life, raises His faithful witnesses.

Stood upon their feet. Compare 2 Kings 13:21; Eze. 37:10.

Great fear fell. A guilty conscience, which had tormented the wicked during the time of the prophecy of the two witnesses (see on v. 10), once more asserts itself. Those who had rejoiced over the death of the witnesses now stand aghast as they behold the miracle of the resurrection of these witnesses.

12. Voice from heaven. The speaker is not identified, but presumably he is God.

Come up hither. Not only are the witnesses resurrected by God; they are bidden to enter heaven. Thus while “their enemies” behold “them” they are completely vindicated from the outrages they had suffered, and the truth of the prophecy they had faithfully proclaimed for 1260 days is demonstrated to all. The voice of God Himself has welcomed them to heaven, before the very eyes of those who had sought to destroy them.

This exaltation of the witnesses has been understood as symbolizing the remarkable popularity that the Scriptures have enjoyed since the early 19th century. Soon after the French Revolution various national Bible societies were established. Particularly notable among these were the British and Foreign Bible Society, founded in 1804, and the American Bible Society, organized in 1816. These societies, with others, have circulated Scripture portions in more than 1,500 languages. Thus in the last century and a half, the Bible, rather than being relegated to oblivion as a spiritual guide, has come to enjoy its widest circulation.

Ascended … in a cloud. As Jesus bade His disciples farewell, a cloud “received him out of their sight” (Acts 1:9). So also the two witnesses are carried to heaven in a cloud. The figure fittingly describes the exaltation of the Scriptures in the period following their suppression in France (see on Rev. 11:9; cf. Dan. 4:22).

Enemies beheld them. See the foregoing on “come up hither.”

13. Same hour. That is, almost immediately after the ascension of the witnesses.

A great earthquake. The symbol of an earthquake is used repeatedly in Scripture to portray the turmoil and upheaval that characterize the world immediately preceding the second advent (see Mark 13:8; Rev. 16:18). Applying the prophecy to France, commentators see in the earthquake a picture of the upheaval that shook the nation toward the close of the 18th century.

Tenth part. This is not the final earthquake, for only a fraction of the city (see on vs. 2, 8) falls at this time (cf. ch. 16:18). This earthquake signifies a temporary judgment that frightens into submission some of those who have gloried in the death of the witnesses. Some apply the expression “tenth part of the city” to the entire nation of France on the basis that France was one of the “ten kings” to arise from the fallen Roman Empire (Dan. 7:24). Others identify the city as papal Rome and France as one of its ten divisions.

Of men. Gr. onomata anthrōpōn, literally, “names of men.” Some take the word onomata, “names,” here in the sense of “persons” (see on Acts 3:16). Others apply onomata to titles, offices, or orders that were suppressed during the French Revolution.

Seven thousand. Comparatively a small number of persons are meant, but enough to bring survivors to recognize the sovereignty of God, whose witnesses they had despised.

The God of heaven. This title occurs frequently in Daniel (see Dan. 2:18, 19, 37, 44, cf. Ezra 5:11, 12; 6:9; 7:12).

14. The second woe. That is, the judgments under the sixth trumpet, which ended in 1840 (see ch. 8:13; cf. ch. 9:12; see Additional Note on Chapter 9).

The third woe. That is, the events portrayed under the seventh trumpet (vs. 15–19).

15. The seventh angel. This marks the beginning of the third woe (see on v. 14) and the end of the parenthesis between the sixth and seventh trumpets (chs. 10:1 to 11:14; see on ch. 11:1). Seventh-day Adventists date its beginning as 1844 (see on v. 19).

Great voices. These were probably those of the heavenly hosts (cf. ch. 5:11, 12). Similarly, in the seventh plague, a great voice is heard from the temple in heaven (ch. 16:17).

Kingdoms. Textual evidence attests (cf. p. 10) the reading “kingdom.” Christ receives the kingdom a short time prior to His return to this earth (see on Dan. 7:14). At the time of His coming all earthly opposition is crushed (see on Rev. 17:14).

His Christ. That is, His Anointed (see Ps. 2:2). The hosts of heaven, who themselves have not received salvation through Christ, refer to Him as “his [God’s] Christ,” probably because the title “Christ” particularly refers to the second person of the Godhead in His function as the One anointed for the work of redemption.

He shall reign for ever. See Dan. 2:44; 7:14, 27; Luke 1:33.

16. The four and twenty elders. See on ch. 4.

Fell upon their faces. Compare ch. 4:10.

17. Lord God Almighty. See on ch. 1:8. A particularly fitting title for God as victor.

Which art. See on ch. 1:4.

And wast. See on ch. 1:4.

And art to come. Textual evidence attests (cf. p. 10) the omission of these words. They probably are omitted from the complete formula of ch. 1:4 because here the focus of the elder’s praise is on the past and present position of God rather than on the future.

Hast taken … hast reigned. The tenses of the Greek may be rendered better, “hast taken … didst reign,” that is, hast taken and didst begin to reign. The triumphant reign begins with God’s asserting His omnipotence. God has ever been all powerful, and the reign of sin has been only by His sufferance, that the true nature of evil might be revealed to created beings. When that purpose has been accomplished, then He takes His “great power” and once more reigns supreme. See 1 Cor. 15:24–28.

18. Nations were angry. Compare Ps. 2:1. Such will be the condition of the nations prior to the coming of Christ. They will band together to oppose the work and people of Christ (see on Rev. 13:12; 14:8).

Wrath. The wrath of God is summed up in the seven last plagues (ch. 15:1). The work of opposition against Christ is brought to a halt by these plagues.

Time. Gr. kairos, a particular time with a definite purpose (see on ch. 1:3). This is a time of judgment, both of reward and of destruction.

That they should be judged. The mention of both reward and destruction indicates that John is speaking of the final judgment, which takes place after the millennium (ch. 20:12–15).

Reward unto thy servants. See Matt. 5:12; 6:1; 1 Cor. 3:8; Rev. 22:12. Since the events enumerated are sequential (see EW 36), the reward here spoken of is the inheritance of the new earth at the close of the millennium.

Prophets. God’s special servants, who speak forth for Him. This class has borne heavy responsibilities and has often suffered most severely for their Lord.

Saints. Or, “holy ones.” The members of the body of Christ characterized by the purity of their lives.

Them that fear. Gr. hoi phoboumenoi, a term used in the Acts for those who, though not fully proselytes to Israel, nevertheless worshiped the true God (see on Acts 10:2). If the same general meaning is intended here, this third class to receive a reward in the judgment may be understood as those who have not completely known Christ and His way, but who have lived in the fullness of the light that has come to them. Because they have feared the name of God, as He has been revealed to them, they too receive a reward (see DA 638). On the other hand, the phrase hoi phoboumenoi may simply be in apposition with the word translated “saints.” The passage would then read, “the saints, even those fearing thy name.”

Small and great. Worldly status is meaningless in the final judgment.

Destroy them which destroy. The fate of the wicked, who have destroyed the earth—physically, and also spiritually—is strikingly fitting. They themselves are destroyed.

19. The temple. There is opened before John a view of God’s heavenly temple, with “the ark of his testament” the focal point of the vision. Now, in the typical sanctuary, which was a “copy of the true one” (Heb. 9:24, RSV) in heaven, the ark was in the most holy place, which was the center of the service of the Day of Atonement—a typical day of judgment. It is in connection with the beginning of the seventh trumpet that John sees the temple in heaven and very particularly “the ark of his testament.” This indicates that the second and last division of Christ’s heavenly ministry, answering to the typical Day of Atonement, has opened. Other scriptures reveal that this final phase of Christ’s work began in 1844 (see on Dan. 8:14). Accordingly, Seventh-day Adventists place the beginning of the seventh trumpet in that year.

Ark of his testament. The ark in the typical sanctuary was the depository of the Ten Commandments, God’s immutable moral law for all men in all ages. No believer in God in Jewish times could think of the ark without becoming immediately conscious of the Ten Commandments. John’s vision of the ark above argues eloquently that in earth’s last hours God’s great moral law is to be central in the thinking and in the lives of all who seek to serve God in spirit and in truth (see on chs. 12:17; 14:12; cf. GC 433).

Lightnings, and voices, and thunderings. As under the seventh plague (ch. 16:18).

An earthquake. As under the seventh plague (ch. 16:18, 19, cf. on ch. 11:13).

Great hail. As under the seventh plague (ch. 16:21).



1 TM 17; 7T 219

2–11 GC 266

3, 4 GC 267, 269

5, 7 GC 268

7 GC 273, 287

8 GC 269

10 GC 274

11, 12 GC 287

15 GC 301

18 EW 36; 6T 14

19 CW 30; EW 32, 42, 252; GC 415, 433; PP 356; SR 377, 379; IT 76; 2T 693; 6T 368


Nuclear war

At some point, probably near the end of the three-and-a-half-year Great Tribulation, the Antichrist and ten “kings,” who join forces with him, will destroy the mysterious “Babylon the Great,” in what sounds like a nuclear holocaust. Scripture indicates that this Babylon is not the ancient city or empire by that name, but rather the great worldwide, materialistic, capitalistic system, epitomized by—but not limited to—the USA. According to the visions of the prophet Daniel, the ten kings who join with the Antichrist emerge from the ancient Roman Empire and thus could possibly be Europe.

And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.… And on her forehead a name was written: ‘Mystery, Babylon the Great, the Mother of Harlots and of the Abominations of the Earth.’ I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. (Revelation 17:3, 5-6)

The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet, but they receive authority for one hour as kings with the beast. These are of one mind, and they will give their power and authority to the beast. … These will hate the harlot, make her desolate and naked, eat her flesh and burn her with fire. (Revelation 17:12-13,16)

Therefore her plagues will come in one day—death and mourning and famine. And she will be utterly burned with fire. … The kings of the earth who committed fornication and lived luxuriously with her will weep and lament for her, when they see the smoke of her burning, standing at a distance for fear of her torment, saying, “Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour your judgment has come.” “And the merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise anymore: … Alas, alas, that great city, in which all who had ships on the sea became rich by her wealth! For in one hour she is made desolate.” (Revelation 18:8-11,19)

See also Daniel 7:7–8,19–24.

Ron’s Commentary: It will be proven within the auspices of this document and an accompanying video that Babylon the Great and the great harlot of Scripture include four entities:

1.    Mystery Babylon of ancient lore.

2.    Apostate Judaism which embraced teachings of the Babylonian mysteries in the Talmud. The apostate Jewish religion was pronounced a harlot by Christ. Jews accuse Roman Catholicism of being the whore of Revelation 17, and the Catholics accuse the Jews of the same. Both are correct! The Jews played the harlot and so did Rome. But the Jews did it long before Roman Catholicism came into existence! They are both world class spiritual whores and both are vying for world control under a New World Order.

The Jews were regarded by God as worse than Babylon because they had access to the truth. Ezekiel 5 says they were worse:

Eze 5:5  Thus saith the Lord GOD; This is Jerusalem: I have set it in the midst of the nations and countries that are round about her. 

Eze 5:6   And she hath changed my judgments into wickedness more than the nations, and my statutes more than the countries that are round about her: for they have refused my judgments and my statutes, they have not walked in them. 

3.    The Vatican, who sits as a queen thinking she shall see no sorrow. Rev. 18.

4.    Apostate Seventh-day Adventism who sits as a queen thinking she shall see no sorrow, The Great Controversy, p. 17. Since Ezekiel 9 is again literally fulfilled, the same epithets which applied to apostate Jerusalem of old, apply to spiritual Jerusalem at the end-time. Apostate Adventism was pronounced a harlot by Ellen G. White, in Testimonies, Vol. 8, p. 250.

"We must as a people arouse and cleanse the camp of Israel. Licentiousness, unlawful intimacy, and unholy practices are coming in among us in a large degree...We are in danger of becoming a sister to fallen Babylon, of allowing our churches to become corrupted and filled with every foul spirit, a cage for every unclean and hateful bird, and will we be clear unless we make decided movements to cure the existing evil? E. G. White, Manuscript Releases No. 449, pp. 17, 18. (Letter 51, 1886 to Elder Butler) Testimonies on Sexual Behavior, Adultery, and Divorce, p. 193.


Worse than Babylon -- "God's professed people are selfish and self-caring....They are idolaters, and are worse, in the sight of God, than the heathen, graven-image worshippers who have had no knowledge of a better way." Testimonies, Vol. 2, 440-442.


“Then I was pointed back to the years 1843 and 1844. There was a spirit of consecration then that there is not now. What has come over the professed peculiar people of God? I saw the conformity to the world, the unwillingness to suffer for the truth's sake. I saw a great lack of submission to the will of God…
I saw that many who profess to believe the truth for these last days think it strange that the children of Israel murmured as they journeyed; that after the wonderful dealings of God with them, they should be so ungrateful as to forget what He had done for them. Said the angel: "Ye have done worse than they."
Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 1, pp. 128, 129.

5.    The world at large destroyed as Babylon, The Great Controversy, p. 653-656.

The above entities are destroyed at different times. End comment.

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ

At the end of the Great Tribulation, Jesus will return. The sun and the moon will be darkened, but then a bright light will be seen around the world, followed by the sound of a mighty trumpet. Jesus will be seen by everyone as He appears in the clouds of the sky surrounded by angels. Then He will rescue His followers out of this world, and they will receive new immortal bodies and be caught up from the Earth in what is called the Rapture. Scripture is clear that this event occurs “immediately after the Tribulation” and not before, as portrayed in recent popular novels and movies.

Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. (Matthew 24:29)

Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!” (Revelation 11:15)

Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown. (Revelation 14:14-16) Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. (Matthew 24:30-31)

Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all [die], but we shall all be changed—in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. (1 Corinthians 15:51-52)

For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. Therefore comfort one another with these words. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-18)

The Marriage Supper of the Lamb

In Heaven a celebration is then held called the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. One of the titles for Jesus is the “Lamb of God,” (John 1:29) and His bride is all those who believe on Him. (Romans 7:4) The marital metaphor is used in the Bible to describe the intimate spiritual unity between Christ and His people, and the fervency of the loving union of heart, mind, and spirit that accompanies this relationship.

During this Marriage Supper, Jesus will unite with those He rescued in the Rapture, and His followers throughout the ages, and at His Judgment Seat He will reward them with eternal crowns of life.

And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, “Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns! Let us be glad and rejoice and give Him glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready.” And to her it was granted to be arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints. Then he said to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’” (Revelation 19:6-9)

For the Son of Man [Jesus] will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works. (Matthew 16:27)

When the Chief Shepherd [Jesus] appears, you will receive the crown of glory that does not fade away. (1 Peter 5:4)

The Wrath of God

The devastating plagues described in the Bible as the “wrath of God” will be poured upon the world, at the same time that the Marriage Supper of the Lamb is being celebrated, specifically targeting the Antichrist and his forces.

And the twenty-four elders who sat before God on their thrones fell on their faces and worshiped God, saying: … “The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come … and should destroy those who destroy the earth.” (Revelation 11:16,18)

Out … came the seven angels having the seven plagues [and] seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God. … The first went and poured out his bowl upon the earth, and a foul and loathsome sore came upon the men who had the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died. Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. Then the fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and power was given to him to scorch men with fire. And men were scorched with great heat, and they blasphemed the name of God who has power over these plagues; and they did not repent and give Him glory.

Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds. Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of the kings from the east might be prepared. Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done!” (Revelation 15:6, 16:2-4,8-12,17)

The Battle of Armageddon

On a plain in northern Israel, the Antichrist will muster his armies for his final campaign against the nations that still oppose him. At that time Jesus and His heavenly army will return to earth to utterly destroy the Antichrist’s forces and deliver those who opposed his tyranny. The Antichrist and his leading henchman, the False Prophet, will both be cast alive into the Lake of Fire, a place of punishment. Satan, who plagued humankind throughout history and possessed the Antichrist, will be imprisoned in the “bottomless pit.”

The kings of the earth and of the whole world, gather … to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. … to the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon. (Revelation 16:14,16)

I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. … And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses. … And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: King of Kings and Lord of Lords. (Revelation 19:11,14,16)

Then the Lord will go forth and fight against those nations, as He fights in the day of battle. And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, from east to west, making a very large valley. … Thus the Lord my God will come, and all the saints. (Zechariah 14:3-5)

And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who worked signs in his presence, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. (Revelation 19:19-21)

Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, having the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. (Revelation 20:1-3)

The Millennium

The restoration of the war-damaged Earth will then begin. Jesus will rule on Earth for 1,000 years, assisted by those who had been His followers in their earthly lives. This time is commonly called the “Millennium” and will be a veritable golden age compared to the world that preceded it. Peace and harmony will be largely restored to the world and the enmity between animals—and between animals and man—will be gone. There will be those who survive the cataclysms surrounding Armageddon, people who neither followed the Antichrist nor believed in Jesus Christ. These live on in a simpler and righteous world, where loving God and others will be the governing rules.

Ron’s Commentary: This is major error. The war-damaged earth is not restored until AFTER the millennium. Christ does not set down on this earth at His second coming. We are caught up in the air to meet Him and we go to heaven for the 1000 years, says Ellen G. White.

"Of the vast population of the earth before the Flood, only eight souls believed and obeyed God’s word through Noah. For a hundred and twenty years the preacher of righteousness warned the world of the coming destruction, but his message was rejected and despised. So it will be now. Before the Lawgiver shall come to punish the disobedient, transgressors are warned to repent, and return to their allegiance; but with the majority these warnings will be in vain. Says the apostle Peter, “There shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, and saying, Where is the promise of His coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning.” 2 Peter 3:3, 4. Do we not hear these very words repeated, not merely by the openly ungodly, but by many who occupy the pulpits of our land? “There is no cause for alarm,” they cry. “Before Christ shall come, all the world is to be converted, and righteousness is to reign for a thousand years. Peace, peace! all things continue as they were from the beginning. Let none be disturbed by the exciting message of these alarmists.” But this doctrine of the millennium does not harmonize with the teachings of Christ and His apostles. Jesus asked the significant question, “When the Son of man cometh, shall He find faith on the earth?” Luke 18:8. And, as we have seen, He declares that the state of the world will be as in the days of Noah. Paul warns us that we may look for wickedness to increase as the end draws near: “The Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils.” 1 Timothy 4:1. The apostle says that “in the last days perilous times shall come.” 2 Timothy 3:1. And he gives a startling list of sins that will be found among those who have a form of godliness." {PP 102.2}

End comment.

The God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed. (Daniel 2:44) The kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people, the saints of the Most High. His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him. (Daniel 7:27)

And I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was committed to them. Then I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands. … They shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. (Revelation 20:4,6)

He shall judge between the nations, and rebuke many people; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore. (Isaiah 2:4)

The whole earth is at rest and quiet. (Isaiah 14:7) [The Lord] will even make … rivers in the desert. The beast of the field will honor [Him]. (Isaiah 43:19-20) The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them. The cow and the bear shall graze; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. The nursing child shall play by the cobra’s hole, and the weaned child shall put his hand in the viper’s den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea. (Isaiah 11:6-9)

Ron’s Commentary: Ellen White on the Millennium

“Taking the manner in which the prophecies had been fulfilled in the past, as a criterion by which to judge of the fulfillment of those which were still future, he [MILLER] became satisfied that the popular view of the spiritual reign of Christ—a temporal millennium before the end of the world—was not sustained by the Word of God. This doctrine, pointing to a thousand years of righteousness and peace before the personal coming of the Lord, put far off the terrors of the day of God. But, pleasing though it may be, it is contrary to the teachings of Christ and his apostles, who declared that the wheat and the tares are to grow together until the harvest, the end of the world; [Matthew 13:30, 38-41.] that “evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse;” [2 Timothy 3:13, 1.] that “in the last days perilous times shall come;” [2 Timothy 3:13, 1.] and that the kingdom of darkness shall continue until the advent of the Lord, and shall be consumed with the spirit of his mouth, and be destroyed with the brightness of his coming. [2 Thessalonians 2:8.]

The doctrine of the world’s conversion and the spiritual reign of Christ was not held by the apostolic church. It was not generally accepted by Christians until about the beginning of the eighteenth century. Like every other error, its results were evil. It taught men to look far in the future for the coming of the Lord, and prevented them from giving heed to the signs heralding his approach. It induced a feeling of confidence and security that was not well founded, and led many to neglect the preparation necessary in order to meet their Lord.{GC88 321.1}

Miller found the literal, personal coming of Christ to be plainly taught in the Scriptures. Says Paul, “The Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God.” [1 Thessalonians 4:16.] And the Saviour declares: “They shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.” “For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.” [Matthew 24:30, 27.] He is to be accompanied by all the hosts of Heaven. “The Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him.” “And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect.” [Matthew 25:31; 24:31.] {GC88 321.2}

At his coming the righteous dead will be raised, and the righteous living will be changed. “We shall not all sleep,” says Paul, “but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump; for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.” [1 Corinthians 15:51-53.] And in his letter to the Thessalonians, after describing the coming of the Lord, he says: “The dead in Christ shall rise first; then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air; and so shall we ever be with the Lord.” [1 Thessalonians 4:16, 17.]{GC88 322.1}

Not until the personal advent of Christ can his people receive the kingdom. The Saviour said: “When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory; and before him shall be gathered all nations; and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats; and he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left. Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” [Matthew 25:31-34.]

We have seen by the scriptures just given that when the Son of man comes, the dead are raised incorruptible, and the living are changed. By this great change they are prepared to receive the kingdom; for Paul says, “Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.” [1 Corinthians 15:50.] Man in his present state is mortal, corruptible; but the kingdom of God will be incorruptible, enduring forever. Therefore man in his present state cannot enter into the kingdom of God. But when Jesus comes, he confers immortality upon his people; and then he calls them to inherit the kingdom, of which they have hitherto been only heirs. {GC88 322.2}

These and other scriptures clearly proved to Miller’s mind, that the events which were generally expected to take place before the coming of Christ, such as the universal reign of peace, and the setting up of the kingdom of God upon the earth, were to be subsequent to the second advent. Furthermore, all the signs of the times and the condition of the world corresponded to the prophetic description of the last days. He was forced to the conclusion, from the study of Scripture alone, that the period allotted for the continuance of the earth in its present state was about to close.”{GC88 323.1}

Ron’s Further Commentary on the Millennium: Freemasons and Evangelicals teach the great error that Christ will begin His kingdom on earth reign when He comes the second time. That great error paves the way for Lucifer/Satan, as it is he who will touch down on this earth and declare peace for a thousand years. That is a lie. End comment.

The Battle of Gog and Magog

At the end of the Millennium, Satan will be released from the bottomless pit. He will recruit followers, and form a rebellion against Jesus and His government. Although it seems inconceivable, apparently he will find plenty of followers who rebel against the conditions of Jesus’ benign but firm rule in the Millennium.

That rebellion will be obliterated, along with the entire surface of the Earth in the Battle of Gog and Magog. Then a beautiful new and significantly changed surface will be recreated on the Earth.

Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. (Revelation 20:7-9)

The heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up. … The heavens will be dissolved, being on fire, and the elements will melt with fervent heat. (2 Peter 3:10,12) Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved out of its place. (Revelation 6:14)

Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. [Revelation 21:1 (see also 2 Peter 3:13)]

Ron’s Commentary: Ellen White says that Lucifer/Satan will be confined to this earth during the millennium and that he will witness the scenes of destruction he has caused during that time. How do we know Ellen White was correct? It can be proven from the Bible that Ellen White’s position is irrefutably correct. Here is how and why: John the Revelator sees a Temple in heaven. Philadelphians are told that they will be made pillars [leaders] in that Temple. Ellen White said that only the 144,000 enter that Temple. But John sees NO TEMPLE in the new earth! This is one of the important details that Lucifer/Satan and his agents have not noticed! Here is the Bible description of the new heaven and new earth, and THERE IS NO TEMPLE THERE PER VERSE 22. So Ellen White was right again! Amazing!

Rev 21:1   And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. 

Rev 21:2   And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 

Rev 21:3   And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. 

Rev 21:4   And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. 

Rev 21:5   And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful. 

Rev 21:6   And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. 

Rev 21:7   He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. 

Rev 21:8   But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. 

Rev 21:9  And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. 

Rev 21:10   And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, 

Rev 21:11   Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal; 

Rev 21:12   And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: 

Rev 21:13   On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. 

Rev 21:14   And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 

Rev 21:15   And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof. 

Rev 21:16   And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal. 

Rev 21:17   And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel. 

Rev 21:18   And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. 

Rev 21:19   And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; 

Rev 21:20   The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. 

Rev 21:21   And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass. 

Rev 21:22   And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. 

Rev 21:23   And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. 

Rev 21:24   And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. 

Rev 21:25   And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. 

Rev 21:26   And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. 

Rev 21:27   And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh 

The Great White Throne Judgment

After this, all people from the beginning of time who had not known or believed in Jesus will be resurrected, and will stand before God’s throne to be judged. They will be either rewarded or punished according to their works, and assigned to their places in the hereafter. And Satan will be cast into “the lake of fire.”

Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away. And there was found no place for them. (Revelation 20:11) He who sat on the throne said, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.” (Revelation 21:5-6)

And I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God, and books were opened. And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books. The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them. And they were judged, each one according to his works. (Revelation 20:12-13)

All the nations will be gathered before Him. … Then the King will say to those on His right hand, “Come, you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. … Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.” … Then He will also say to those on the left hand, “Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels. … Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.” And these will go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into eternal life. (Matthew 25:32,34,40-41,45-46)

The Devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. (Revelation 20:10) And anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:14-15)

The Heavenly City

God’s great pyramid-shaped heavenly city, the dimensions of which are an astronomical 2,200 kilometers square at the base and 2,200 kilometers high at the apex, will then descend to the recreated surface of the Earth. God and Jesus will dwell in that city with those who love and serve Them!

Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.” Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” … I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts. He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son.

Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.” And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal. Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall. The city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. The construction of its wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass. The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.

But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light. And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it. Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there). And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it. But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.

And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. And there shall be no more curse, but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him. They shall see His face, and His name shall be on their foreheads. There shall be no night there: They need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign forever and ever. (Revelation 21:1-7,9-27, 22:5)

And that is the happy ending. Although there are certainly frightening things looming in the near future, we can take heart that God is in control and that after the dark night there is a beautiful and eternal tomorrow waiting. All of these things will come to pass, and you can be prepared in the best way possible for all these events by asking Jesus into your life and heart now. He will answer your call and you will be blest with everlasting life and happiness now and in the future. Eternal life in the heavenly conditions of the new Earth and Heavenly City are yours for the asking by simply praying this prayer or one like it in your own words: Dear Jesus, I ask You to come into my heart. Please forgive me for all the wrongs I’ve done, and give me Your gift of everlasting life. Help me to love You, and help me to share Your love and truth with others. Amen.

Ron’s Commentary:

Story of Redemption Chapter 63—The Millennium

My attention was again directed to the earth. The wicked had been destroyed, and their dead bodies were lying on its surface. The wrath of God in the seven last plagues had been visited upon the inhabitants of the earth, causing them to gnaw their tongues from pain and to curse God. The false shepherds had been the signal objects of Jehovah’s wrath. Their eyes had consumed away in their holes, and their tongues in their mouths, while they stood upon their feet. After the saints had been delivered by the voice of God, the wicked multitude turned their rage upon one another. The earth seemed to be deluged with blood, and dead bodies were from one end of it to the other.{SR 415.1}

The earth looked like a desolate wilderness. Cities and villages, shaken down by the earthquake, lay in heaps. Mountains had been moved out of their places, leaving large caverns. Ragged rocks, thrown out by the sea, or torn out of the earth itself, were scattered all over its surface. Large trees had been uprooted and were strewn over the land. Here is to be the home of Satan with his evil angels for a thousand years. Here he will be confined, to wander up and down over the broken surface of the earth and see the effects of his rebellion against God’s law. For a thousand years he can enjoy the fruit of the curse which he has caused.{SR 415.2}

Limited alone to the earth, he will not have the privilege of ranging to other planets, to tempt and annoy those who have not fallen. During this time Satan suffers extremely. Since his fall his evil traits have been in constant exercise. But he is then to be deprived of his power and left to reflect upon the part which he has acted since his fall, and to look forward with trembling and terror to the dreadful future, when he must suffer for all the evil that he has done and be punished for all the sins that he has caused to be committed.{SR 416.1}

I heard shouts of triumph from the angels and from the redeemed saints which sounded like ten thousand musical instruments, because they were to be no more annoyed and tempted by Satan and because the inhabitants of other worlds were delivered from his presence and his temptations.{SR 416.2}

Then I saw thrones, and Jesus and the redeemed saints sat upon them; and the saints reigned as kings and priests unto God. Christ, in union with His people, judged the wicked dead, comparing their acts with the Statute Book, the Word of God, and deciding every case according to the deeds done in the body. Then they meted out to the wicked the portion which they must suffer, according to their works; and it was written against their names in the book of death. Satan also and his angels were judged by Jesus and the saints. Satan’s punishment was to be far greater than that of those whom he had deceived. His suffering would so far exceed theirs as to bear no comparison with it. After all those whom he had deceived had perished, Satan was still to live and suffer on much longer.{SR 416.3}

After the judgment of the wicked dead had been finished, at the end of the one thousand years, Jesus left the city, and the saints and a train of the angelic host followed Him. Jesus descended upon a great mountain, which, as soon as His feet touched it, parted asunder and became a mighty plain. Then we looked up and saw the great and beautiful city, with twelve foundations and twelve gates, three on each side, and an angel at each gate. We cried out, “The city! the great city! It is coming down from God out of heaven!” And it came down in all its splendor and dazzling glory, and settled in the mighty plain which Jesus had prepared for it. 418 {SR 416.4}

End of Article

Addendum by Ron

A Jewish friend of mine sent me the following link: The minister speaking on this YouTube Video is also Jewish. His name is Ted Pike. Recall that Albert Pike of Freemason fame was also a Jew. It is amazing that with all Ted’s knowledge of apostate Jewry, he is still duped by their belief that there will be a millennium of peace on this earth at the second coming of Christ. It is interesting to be shown right from the Talmud that antichrist, antiGentile Jews claim they are going to destroy not just Christians, but all Gentiles from the face of the earth. They reason that we are animals and thus without a soul. Then these same Jews wonder why there is anti-Semitism in the world. I am not anti-Semitic. I just feel sorry for them, and utter in their behalf the prayer of Christ on the Cross: “Father forgive them for they know not what they do.” Their god, Lucifer/Satan, is anti all of God’s creation, including the Zionist Jews he has deceived. All these are going to perish in a lake of fire. They have sold their souls for a mess of pottage--the love of money and power in exchange for eternal life. The being they worship is a murderer even of them, so they and their god finally reap what they dish out to their enemies. The video also shows how the Talmud says that all who believe in more than ONE PERSON to the Godhead will be killed. That, of course, does away with the Incarnation and sacrifice of Jesus for our sins. Lucifer/Satan wants all the worship of all his subjects.







Mishnah The Mishnah, translated by Herbert Danby, London, 1954; also the Mishnah section of the Talmud as published in The Babylonian Talmud, Soncino, ed. (London, 1948-1952)

ch. chapter

Heb. Hebrew

KJV King James Version, 1611, formerly called the Authorized Version

LXX Septuagint. A. Rahlfs, editor, Septuaginta (2 vols.; Stuttgart, 1935)

pp. pages

OT Old Testament

b.c. Before Christ

Vol. volume

ed. edited, edition, editor

a.d. Anno domini

cf. confer, “compare”

v. verse

p. page

RSV The Holy Bible. Revised Standard Version (New York, 1952)

RV The English Revised Version, 1885

ASV The Holy Bible. The Standard American Edition of the Revised Version of the Bible (New York,1901)

[1]Nichol, Francis D.: The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Volume 4. Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1978; 2002, S. 851

vs. verses

v. verse

cf. confer, “compare”

TM Testimonies to Ministers and Gospel Workers

OT Old Testament

NT New Testament

ch. chapter

Gr. Greek

a.d. Anno domini

p. page

LXX Septuagint. A. Rahlfs, editor, Septuaginta (2 vols.; Stuttgart, 1935)

Heb. Hebrew

chs. chapters

RSV The Holy Bible. Revised Standard Version (New York, 1952)

[2]Nichol, Francis D.: The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Commentary, Volume 7. Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1978; 2002, S. 801